Etiquettes of Yawm al-Jumu’ah (Friday)

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

  • Praying Salat-ul Fajr in congregation

عن ابن عمر قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إنّ أفضل الصّلوات عند الله صلاة الصّبح يوم الجمعة في جماعة

Ibn ‘Umar said: The Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

“The best prayer before Allaah is Fajr prayer on Friday in congregation.”

Al-Bayhaqi Shu’ab Al-Eemaan. Declared saheeh by Shaykh Al-Albanee in Saheeh al-Jaami’ 1119.

  • Reciting Surah As-Sajdah [32] and Al-Insaan [76] during the Fajr prayer on Friday

عن أبي هريرة عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم، أنّه كان يقرأ في الفجر، يوم الجمعة : – الٓمٓ تَنزِيلُ- و – هَل أَتَىٰ-

From Abu Hurayrah that the prophet used to recite in Fajr on Friday: “Alif, Lam, Meem, The revelation” [32] and “Has there not been?” [76]

Sahih Muslim 880

  • Invoke Allah to bestow peace and blessings upon the prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم

The prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said :

أكثروا الصلاة عليَّ يوم الجمعة وليلة الجمعة، فمن صلى عليَّ صلاة صلى الله عليه عشراً

“Send many blessings upon me on Friday and the night before Friday, for whoever sends blessings upon me once, Allaah will send blessings upon him tenfold.”

Silsilaat Al-Hadith As-Saheehah 1407

  • Perform Ghusl (bath)

The prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

غسل يوم الجمعة واجب على كلّ محتلم

“Performing Ghusl for the Day of Friday is obligatory upon every Muhtalim [one who has reached the age of puberty]”

Sahih Muslim 846

  • Using the Siwaak
  • Wearing perfume

The prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

الغسل يوم الجمعة واجب على كلّ محتلم وسواك ويمسّ من الطيب ما قدر عليه

“Performing Ghusl for the day of Friday is obligatory for every Muhtalim, and using the Siwaak and whatever perfume is available for him”

Sahih Muslim 846

  • Wearing ones best clothes

The prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said :

من اغسل يوم الجمعة ومسّ من طيب إن كان عنده ولبس من أحسن ثيابه…

“He who takes Ghusl on Friday, wears perfume, if it is available, wears his best clothes…”

Musnad of Imam Ahmad 22468 & Ibn Khuzaymah 1775. Shaykh Al-Albanee declared it Hasan.

  • Going early to the Masjid
  • Walking and not riding
  • Listening to the Khutbah
  • Sitting close to the Imaam

The prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

إذا كان يوم الجمعة كان على كلّ باب من أبواب المسجد ملائكة يكتبون الأوّل فالأوّل، فإذا جلس الإمام طووا الصّحف وجاءوا يستمعون الذكر، ومثل المهجّر كمثل الّذي يهدي البدنة، ثمّ كالّذي يهدي بقرة، ثمّ كالّذي يهدي الكبش، ثمّ كالّذي يهدي الدّجاجة، ثمّ كالّذي يهدي البيضة

“When Friday comes, at every door of the Masjid there stand Angels who write down the names of those whom come first, then those who come next. When the Imaam sits down, the records are closed and they come to listen to the reminder (Khutbah). The likeness of the one who comes early is that of the one who offered a camel, then of the one who offered a cow, then of one who offered a ram, then one of who offered a chicken, then of one who offered an egg.”

Sahih Muslim 850

The prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

من عسّل يوم الجمعة واغتسل، وبكّر، ومشى ولم يركب، ودنا من الإمام، فاستمع، ولم يلغ، كان له بكلّ خطوة عمل سنة، أجر صيامها وقيامها

“Whoever performs Ghassala [washes his head] and performs Ghusl [bathes completely], and goes early, arriving early, walks and does not ride (to the mosque), and sits close to the Imam and listens to him, and does not engage in idle talk: for every step he takes he will have the reward of one year, the reward of a years fasting and praying (at night) “

Sunan Ibn Majah 1087. Declared Saheeh by Shaykh Al-Albanee.

  • Reciting Surah Al-Jumu’ah [62] & Surah Al-Munafiqun [63] or Surah Al-A’la [87] & Surah Al-Ghashiyah [88] in the Jumu’ah prayer

أنّ نبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يقرأ، في صلاة الجمعة، سورة الجمعة والمنافقين

The prophet used to recite in the Jumu’ah prayer, Surah Al-Jumu’ah [62] and Surah Al-Munafiqun [63]

Sahih Muslim 879

كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقرأ في العدين، وفي الجمعة، – سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الأعْلَى- و – أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ ٱلْغَـٰشِيَةِ –

For the Two ‘Eids and for Jumu’ah, the Messenger of Allah used to recite “Glorify the Name of your Lord” [87] and “Has there come to you the narration of the overwhelming” [88]

Sahih Muslim 878

[Ibn al-Qayyim says: “one must not recite part of each of these Surahs only, or divide one of them between both Rak’ah, because this constitutes a contradiction of the Sunnah and only ignorant Imaams of prayer often do this” Zad-ul Ma’ad, Chapter of Virtues of Jumu’ah]

  • Reciting Surah Al-Kahf (18) on the night or day of Friday

See :

  • Praying 2 or 4 rak’ah after Salat-ul Jumu’ah

عن ابن عمر قال: كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يصلّي بعد الجمعة ركعتين في بيته

Ibn Umar said: “The messenger of Allah used to pray 2 rak’ah in his house after the Friday prayer”

Sunan Abu Dawood 1132. Declared Saheeh by Shaykh Al-Albanee.

The prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم also said:

إذا صلّى أحدكم الجمعة فليصلّ بعدها أربعا

“When one of you has prayed Jumu’ah, let him pray four rak’ah afterwards”

Sahih Muslim 881

  • Making Du’aa during the last hour on Friday

The prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

الْتَمِسُوا السَّاعَةَ الَّتِي تُرْجَى فِي يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ بَعْدَ الْعَصْرِ إِلَى غَيْبُوبَةِ الشَّمْسِ

“Seek out the hour that is hoped for on Friday after ‘Asr until the sun has set”

At-Tirmidhee 489. Declared Hasan by Shaykh Al-Albanee

He صلى الله عليه وسلم also said:

يَوْمُ الْجُمُعَةِ ثِنْتَا عَشْرَةَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ يُرِيدُ سَاعَةً ‏”‏ لاَ يُوجَدُ مُسْلِمٌ يَسْأَلُ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ شَيْئًا إِلاَّ آتَاهُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَالْتَمِسُوهَا آخِرَ سَاعَةٍ بَعْدَ الْعَصْرِ

“Friday is twelve hours in which there is no Muslim who asks Allah for anything except that He gives it to him. So seek it in the last hour after ‘Asr.”

Sunan Abu Dawood 1048. Declared Saheeh by Shaykh Al-Albanee

Published by أبو زكريا عيسى الألباني

BSc (Hons) Microbiology | Qur'ān | Sunnah |

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