The Duhâ Prayer

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

It’s virtues

  • The messenger of Allâh صلى الله عليه وسلم said : “He who prays Duhâ, fasts three days of every month and does not abandon Witr neither traveling nor at residence, will have the reward of a martyr written for him” (Sahîh Targhîb wa-Târhib 595)
  • Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه narrated: “My beloved friend (Muhammad) advised me to practise three things and I will not leave them until I die: to fast for three days every month, to pray Duhâ and to perform Witr before sleeping” (Sahîh Al-Bukhârî 1178)
  • The messenger of Allâh صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “In the morning charity is due from every joint of your body. Every tasbîh [saying Subhân Allah] is charity. Every tahmîd [saying Al-Hamdulillâh] is charity. Every tahlîlah [saying Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh] is charity. Every takbîrah [saying Allâhu Akbar] is charity. Enjoining the good is charity. Forbidding the evil is charity; and performing two rak’ah of Duhâ suffices all of this” (Sahîh Muslim 720)
  • The messenger of Allâh صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Whoever prays the Fajr prayer in congregation and then sits remembering Allâh until the sun has risen, then prays two rak’ah will receive the reward of Hajj and ‘Umrah. Complete, complete, complete” (At-Tirmidhî 586. Declared Hasan by Al-Albânî)
  • The messenger of Allâh صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “None is consistent with the Duhâ prayer except the Awwâbun (the penitent), it is the Prayer of the Awwâbîn (the penitent)”. (Al-Hâkim in his Mustadrak, declared Hasan by Al-Albânî in Al-Sahîhah 1994)

The time of praying Duhâ

Shaykh Ibn Al-Uthaymîn said:

“The time of the Duhâ prayer is from when the sun has risen to the height of a spear, approximately a quarter or a third of an hour after having risen, and lasts until just before the zawâl, meaning ten or fifteen minutes prior to it”

Majmû al-Fatâwâ no. 875, 14/306

The number of Rak’ah

  • 2 rak’ah

The proof of this has been mentioned above (its virtues) – Hadith 720 collected by Sahîh Muslim & 586 of At-Tirmidhî.

  • 4 rak’ah

The messenger of Allâh صلى الله عليه وسلم said that Allâh said:

“O son of Âdam, pray four rak’ah to me at the early part of the day”

At-Tirmidhî 475. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî

  • 6 rak’ah

Anas Ibn Mâlik رضي الله عنه said:

“The Messenger of Allâh صلى الله عليه وسلم used to pray Duhâ as six rak’ah”

Al-Shamâ’il At-Tirmidhî 289. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî

  • 8 rak’ah

Umm Hânî narrated:

“Then the prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم prayed eight rak’ah of Duhâ”

Sahîh Muslim 336

Can we pray more than 8 rak’ah?

‘Â’isha was asked about the number of rak’ah the prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم would observe for the Duhâ prayer and she said:

“He would pray four rak’ah and sometimes if he desired, he would pray more – as many as Allâh willed” (Sahîh Muslim 719)

Shaykh Muhammad Bâzmûl said:

“This narration of ‘Â’isha is to be understood in light of the previous narrations. Especially when it is reported that ‘Â’isha, the narrator of this hadith, used to pray the Duhâ prayer as eight rak’ah*.”

(A Description of the Supererogatory Prayers p.91)

*عن عائشة: أنها كانت تصلي الضحى ثماني ركعات، ثم تقول: لو نشر لي أبواي ما تركتهن

It was narrated from ‘Â’isha that she used to pray Duhâ with eight rak’ah, and she would say, “I would never stop doing them even if my parents were to be brought back to life.” (Muwatta of Imâm Mâlik 359/38)

The number of rak’ah are prayed in pairs

The prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

“The prayers of the night and day are observed in pairs”

Sunan Ibn Mâjah 1322. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî

What to say after the Duhâ prayer

‘Â’isha narrated that the Messenger of Allâh صلى الله عليه وسلم prayed the Duhâ prayer and then said:

اللهمَّ ا غْفِرْلِي وَ تُبْ عَلَيَّ إِنّكَ أَنْتَ التَّوَّابُ الرَحِيم

Allâhumma-ghfirlî wa tub ‘alayya, innaka Anta-Tawwâbur-Rahîm

Oh Allâh, forgive me and accept my repentance. Indeed you are At-Tawwâb (The Oft-Pardoning), Ar-Rahîm (The Most-Merciful)

until he had said it a hundred times”

Adab Al-Mufrad of Imâm Bukhârî 619

Published by أبو زكريا عيسى الألباني

BSc (Hons) Microbiology | Qur'ān | Sunnah |

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