بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Al-Hayy & Al-Qayyûm Mentioned In The Qur’ân
ٱللَّهُ لَآ إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ٱلۡحَيُّ ٱلۡقَيُّومُۚ… ٥٥٢
Allâh! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), The Ever-Living, The Self-Subsisting. (Sûrah al-Baqarah 2:255)
ٱللَّهُ لَآ إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ٱلۡحَيُّ ٱلۡقَيُّومُ ٢
Allâh! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), The Ever-Living, The Self-Subsisting. (Sûrah Al-Imrân 3:2)
وَعَنَتِ ٱلۡوُجُوهُ لِلۡحَيِّ ٱلۡقَيُّومِۖ وَقَدۡ خَابَ مَنۡ حَمَلَ ظُلۡمٗا ١١١
And (all) faces shall be humbled before (Allâh), The Ever-Living, The Self-Subsisting. And he who carried (a burden of) wrongdoing (i.e. he who disbelieved in Allâh, ascribed partners to Him, and did deeds of His disobedience), became indeed a complete failure (on that Day). (Sûrah At-Tâha 20:111)
وَتَوَكَّلۡ عَلَى ٱلۡحَيِّ ٱلَّذِي لَا يَمُوتُ وَسَبِّحۡ بِحَمۡدِهِۦۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِهِۦ بِذُنُوبِ عِبَادِهِۦ خَبِيرًا ٨٥
And put your trust in The Ever Living One Who dies not, and glorify His Praises, and Sufficient is He as the All-Knower of the sins of His slaves. (Sûrah al-Furqân 25:58)
هُوَ ٱلۡحَيُّ لَآ إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ فَٱدۡعُوهُ مُخۡلِصِينَ لَهُ ٱلدِّينَۗ ٱلۡحَمۡدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ ٱلۡعَٰلَمِينَ ٥٦
He is The Ever-Living, La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), so invoke Him making your worship pure for Him Alone. All the praises and thanks be to Allâh, The Lord of the ‘Âlamîn (mankind, jinns and all that exists). (Sûrah Ghâfir 40:65)
The Explanation Of Al-Hayy & Al-Qayyûm
Imâm As-Sa’dî said: “Al-Hayy is The One whos existence is the most complete and the most perfect form of existence: characterised by all the manifestation and qualities of life including Hearing, Sight, Doing, Power, Eminence, Eternity, and unquestionable authority.
Al-Qayyûm means that Allâh has always been Self-Existing and established in His own right, and He is independent of His creation. Since He is The One who creates existence, therefore all others depend on Him to come into existence and to establish and prosper in their own existence. Allâh is The One who runs the affairs of His creation. All matters of body, soul and heart are in Allâh’s Hands.” (Abridged and paraphrased from Taysîr al-Karîm al-Rahmân 3:1-2)
Ibn Abî al-‘Izz said: “Al-Hayy & Al-Qayyûm are mentioned together three times in the Qur’an. They are among the greatest names of Allâh. All of the beautiful names revolve around these two names, and their meanings return back to these two. Al-Qayyûm being joined with Al-Hayy necessitates that Allâh is qualified with all the perfect attributes. This also implies that He has those attributes from eternity and will have them forever without undergoing any diminution or reduction.
Al-Hayy signifies eternity and everlastingness.
Al-Qayyûm implies Allâh’s Self-sufficiency, freedom from all wants and His perfect power. He sustains Himself and others and His Sustaining is Perfect. Everything depends on Him and He depends on none.
He is there eternally, never fails to exist, never loses sight of things for a moment, never suffers loss or want, nor does He die or perish. He is The Ever-Living, The Self-Subsisting, Who will always be and will always have the most perfect attributes.” (Abridged and paraphrased from Sharh al-‘Aqîdah at-Tahâwîyyah p.46)