Ramadân Series: Part 3 – 15 Virtues Of Fasting

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

1) Forgiveness & Paradise

﴿إِنَّ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمَـتِ وَالْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَـتِ وَالْقَـنِتِينَ وَالْقَـنِتَـتِ وَالصَّـدِقِينَ وَالصَّـدِقَـتِ وَالصَّـبِرِينَ وَالصَّـبِرَتِ وَالْخَـشِعِينَ وَالْخَـشِعَـتِ وَالْمُتَصَدِّقِينَ وَالْمُتَصَدِّقَـتِوالصَّـئِمِينَ والصَّـئِمَـتِ وَالْحَـفِظِينَ فُرُوجَهُمْ وَالْحَـفِـظَـتِ وَالذَكِـرِينَ اللَّهَ كَثِيراً وَالذَكِرَتِ أَعَدَّ اللَّهُ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةً وَأَجْراً عَظِيماً﴾

Verily, the Muslims: men and women, the believers: men and women, the Qanit (obedient): men and the women, the men and women who are truthful, the men and the women who are patient, the Khashi (humble): men and the women, the men and the women who give Sadaqat (zakah etc..), the men and the women who fast, the men and the women who guard their chastity and the men and the women who remember Allâh much with their hearts and tongues, Allâh has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward. (Sûrah Ahzâb 33:35)

Ibn Kathîr said:… Here Allâh tells us that for all of those mentioned in this Ayah, He has prepared for them forgiveness of their sins and a great reward, meaning, Paradise. (Tafsîr Ibn Kathîr 33:35)


2) Forgiveness for all the previous [minor] sins

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ مَنْ صَامَ رَمَضَانَ إِيمَانًا وَاحْتِسَابًا غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ ‏”

Abû Hurairah narrated : Allâh’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Whoever observes fasts during the month of Ramadân out of sincere faith, and hoping to attain Allâh’s reward, then all his past sins will be forgiven.” (Sahîh Bukhârî 38)


3) Ar-Rayyân – a gate in Paradise

عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، – رضى الله عنه – قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ إِنَّ فِي الْجَنَّةِ بَابًا يُقَالُ لَهُ الرَّيَّانُ يَدْخُلُ مِنْهُ الصَّائِمُونَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ لاَ يَدْخُلُ مَعَهُمْ أَحَدٌ غَيْرُهُمْ يُقَالُ أَيْنَ الصَّائِمُونَ فَيَدْخُلُونَ مِنْهُ فَإِذَا دَخَلَ آخِرُهُمْ أُغْلِقَ فَلَمْ يَدْخُلْ مِنْهُ أَحَدٌ

Sahl ibn Sa’d (Allâh be pleased with him) reported Allâh’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying: In Paradise there is a gate which is called Rayyân through which only the people who fast would enter on the Day on Resurrection. None else would enter along with them. It would be proclaimed: Where are the people who fast that they should be admitted into it? And when the last of them would enter, it would be closed and no one would enter it. (Sahîh Muslim 1152)


4) The gates of Paradise are opened

مَوْلَى التَّيْمِيِّينَ أَنَّ أَبَاهُ، حَدَّثَهُ أَنَّهُ، سَمِعَ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ إِذَا دَخَلَ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ فُتِّحَتْ أَبْوَابُ السَّمَاءِ، وَغُلِّقَتْ أَبْوَابُ جَهَنَّمَ، وَسُلْسِلَتِ الشَّيَاطِينُ ‏

Narrated by Abû Hurairah : Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “When the month of Ramadân starts, the gates of the heavens are opened and the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are fettered.” (Sahîh Bukhârî 1899)

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، – رضى الله عنه – أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ إِذَا جَاءَ رَمَضَانُ فُتِّحَتْ أَبْوَابُ الْجَنَّةِ وَغُلِّقَتْ أَبْوَابُ النَّارِ وَصُفِّدَتِ الشَّيَاطِينُ ‏”‏

Abû Hurairah reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:When there comes the month of Ramadân, the gates of Paradise are opened, and the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are fettered. (Sahîh Muslim 1079)


5) Removal from the Hellfire by a great distance

حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ عُقْبَةَ بْنِ عَامِرٍ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ مَنْ صَامَ يَوْمًا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بَاعَدَ اللَّهُ مِنْهُ جَهَنَّمَ مَسِيرَةَ مِائَةِ عَامٍ ‏”‏

It was narrated by Uqbah bin ‘Âmir that the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) said:”Whoever fasts one day in the cause of Allâh, The Mighty and Sublime, Allâh will separate him the distance of one hundred years from the fire.” (Sunan An-Nasâ’i 2256. Declared Hasan by Al-Albânî)

عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، – رضى الله عنه – قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ “‏ مَنْ صَامَ يَوْمًا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ بَاعَدَ اللَّهُ وَجْهَهُ عَنِ النَّارِ سَبْعِينَ خَرِيفًا ‏”‏

Abû Sa’îd al-Khudrî (Allâh be pleased with him) reported Allâh’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:He who observes fast for a day in the way of Allâh, He will remove his face from Hell to the extent of seventy autumns distance. (Sahîh Muslim 1153)


6) A shield against the Fire

فَقَالَ عُثْمَانُ: سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ يَقُولُ: ‏ “‏ الصِّيَامُ جُنَّةٌ مِنَ النَّارِ كَجُنَّةِ أَحَدِكُمْ مِنَ الْقِتَالِ

‘Uthmân said: “I heard the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) say: ‘Fasting is a shield against the Fire just like the shield of anyone of you while fighting.’” (Sunan Ibn Mâjah 1639. Declared Sahîh upon the conditions of Muslim & Bukhârî by Shu’ayb Al-Arnaût)


7) A trench between oneself & the Hellfire

عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ الْبَاهِلِيِّ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ مَنْ صَامَ يَوْمًا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ النَّارِ خَنْدَقًا كَمَا بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالأَرْضِ ‏”

Narrated by Abû Umâmah Al-Bâhili: That the Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Whoever fasts a day in the cause of Allâh, Allâh shall put between him and the Fire a trench whose distance is like that between the heavens and the earth.” (At-Tirmidhî 1624. Declared Hasan Sahîh by Al-Albânî)


8) The smell of the mouth of the fasting person is better than musk

شِهَابٍ أَخْبَرَنِي سَعِيدُ بْنُ الْمُسَيَّبِ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ، – رضى الله عنه – قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ “… فَوَالَّذِي نَفْسُ مُحَمَّدٍ بِيَدِهِ لَخِلْفَةُ فَمِ الصَّائِمِ أَطْيَبُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ مِنْ رِيحِ الْمِسْكِ ‏”

Abû Hurairah reported Allâh’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying: By (Allâh) in Whose Hand is the life of Muhammad, the breath of the observer of fast is better to Allâh than the fragrance of musk. (Sahîh Muslim 1151)


9) The reward of fasting is for Allâh & He will reward for it

أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ، – رضى الله عنه – قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ “‏ قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ كُلُّ عَمَلِ ابْنِ آدَمَ لَهُ إِلاَّ الصِّيَامَ هُوَ لِي وَأَنَا أَجْزِي بِهِ

Abû Hurairah reported Allâh’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:Allâh, The-Mighty & The-Majestic said: Every act of the son of Âdam is for him except fasting. It is for Me, and I will give a reward for it…(Sahîh Muslim 1151)

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، – رضى الله عنه – قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ كُلُّ عَمَلِ ابْنِ آدَمَ يُضَاعَفُ الْحَسَنَةُ عَشْرُ أَمْثَالِهَا إِلَى سَبْعِمِائَةِ ضِعْفٍ قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلاَّ الصَّوْمَ فَإِنَّهُ لِي وَأَنَا أَجْزِي بِهِ

Abû Hurairah (Allâh be pleased with him) reported Allâh’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:Every (good) deed of the son of Âdam would be multiplied by tenfold to seven hundredfold reward. Allâh, The Exalted and Majestic, has said: With the exception of fasting, for it is done for Me and I will give a reward for it… (Sahîh Muslim 1151)

Shaykh Muhammad Al-Uthaymîn said:

Allâh has attributed the reward the reward of fasting to Himself, that is because good deeds are multiplied by numbers, one good deed is multiplied by ten to seven hundred and more, but as for fasting, Allâh has attributed its reward to Himself without the consideration of a number. Allâh, The Most-High, is The Most-Generous, The Most-Bounteous and of course the greatness of gifts is based on the greatness of the giver. Therefore the reward of fasting will be very great without a limit. (Majâlis Sharh Ramadân, 2)


10) The two moments of joy

لِلصَّائِمِ فَرْحَتَانِ فَرْحَةٌ عِنْدَ فِطْرِهِ وَفَرْحَةٌ عِنْدَ لِقَاءِ رَبِّهِ

There are two occasions of joy for one who fasts, joy when he breaks it, and joy when he meets his Lord (Sahîh Muslim 1151)


11) The Fast will intercede for one on The Day of Judgement

The prophet (ﷺ) said:

الصِّيامُ و القرآنُ يَشْفَعَانِ للعبدِ يومَ القيامةِ ، يقولُ : الصِّيامُ : أَيْ رَبِّ مَنَعْتُهُ الطَّعَامَ و الشهوةَ ، فشفعْني فيهِ ، و يقولُ القرآنُ : مَنَعْتُهُ النَّوْمَ بِالليلِ ، فَشَفِّعْنِي فيهِ ، قال : فيشفعانِ

Fasting & the Qur’ân will intercede for the servant on the day of Judgement, saying (the Fast) :’Oh Lord, I have prevented him from food and desire, so make me an intercessor for him’. And the Qur’ân will say: ‘I have prevented him from sleeping at night so make me an intercessor for him’. Then Allâh will grant them intercession. (Sahîh At-Targhîb 984. Declared Hasan Sahîh by Al-Albânî)


12) There is nothing like or equal to Sawm (fast)

عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ، قَالَ أَتَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقُلْتُ مُرْنِي بِأَمْرٍ آخُذُهُ عَنْكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏ “‏ عَلَيْكَ بِالصَّوْمِ فَإِنَّهُ لاَ مِثْلَ لَهُ ‏”‏ ‏

Abû Umâmah said: ‘I came to the Messenger of Allâh and said: Tell me of something that I may take (learn) from you. He said: “Take to fasting, for there is nothing like it.”‘ ‘ (An-Nasâ’i 2220. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

عَنْ رَجَاءِ بْنِ حَيْوَةَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُمَامَةَ الْبَاهِلِيُّ، قَالَ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مُرْنِي بِأَمْرٍ يَنْفَعُنِي اللَّهُ بِهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏ “‏ عَلَيْكَ بِالصِّيَامِ فَإِنَّهُ لاَ مِثْلَ لَهُ ‏”‏

Raja ibn Haiwah said:”Abû Umâmah Al-Bâhili narrated to me: ‘I said: O Messenger of Allâh, tell me of something by which Allâh will benefit me. He said: Take to fasting, for there is nothing like it.”‘ (An-Nasâ’i 2221. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَىُّ الْعَمَلِ أَفْضَلُ قَالَ ‏ “‏ عَلَيْكَ بِالصَّوْمِ فَإِنَّهُ لاَ عِدْلَ لَهُ ‏”

It was narrated from Abû Umâmah that he asked the Messenger of Allâh:”Which deed is best?” he said: “Take to fasting, for there is nothing equal to it.”(An-Nasâ’i 2222. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)


13) The supplication of the fasting person is answered

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ ثَلاَثَةٌ لاَ تُرَدُّ دَعْوَتُهُمُ الصَّائِمُ حَتَّى يُفْطِرَ وَالإِمَامُ الْعَادِلُ وَدَعْوَةُ الْمَظْلُومِ يَرْفَعُهَا اللَّهُ فَوْقَ الْغَمَامِ وَيَفْتَحُ لَهَا أَبْوَابَ السَّمَاءِ وَيَقُولُ الرَّبُّ وَعِزَّتِي لأَنْصُرَنَّكَ وَلَوْ بَعْدَ حِينٍ ‏”‏

Abû Hurairah narrated that the Messenger of Allâh صلى الله عليه وسلم said:”There are three whose supplication is not rejected: The fasting person until he breaks his fast, the just ruler, and the supplication of the oppressed person; Allâh raises it up above the clouds and opens the gates of heaven to it. And the Lord says: ‘By My might, I shall surely aid you, even if it should be after a while.’” (At-Tirmidhî 3598, Ibn Mâjah, Musnad of Imâm Ahmad. Declared Hasan by Ibn Hajr in Mishkât)


14) People are freed from the Fire every night

عَنْ جَابِرٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ “‏ إِنَّ لِلَّهِ عِنْدَ كُلِّ فِطْرٍ عُتَقَاءَ وَذَلِكَ فِي كُلِّ لَيْلَةٍ ‏”‏

Jâbir narrated that the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) said:“At every breaking of the fast Allâh has people whom He frees (from the Fire), and that happens every night.” (Ibn Mâjah 1643. Declared Hasan Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ قَالَ: ‏ “‏ إِذَا كَانَتْ أَوَّلُ لَيْلَةٍ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ صُفِّدَتِ الشَّيَاطِينُ وَمَرَدَةُ الْجِنِّ وَغُلِّقَتْ أَبْوَابُ النَّارِ فَلَمْ يُفْتَحْ مِنْهَا بَابٌ. وَفُتِحَتْ أَبْوَابُ الْجَنَّةِ فَلَمْ يُغْلَقْ مِنْهَا بَابٌ. وَنَادَى مُنَادٍ: يَا بَاغِيَ الْخَيْرِ أَقْبِلْ. وَيَا بَاغِيَ الشَّرِّ أَقْصِرْ. وَلِلَّهِ عُتَقَاءُ مِنَ النَّارِ. وَذَلِكَ فِي كُلِّ لَيْلَةٍ ‏

Abû Hurairah narrated that the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) said:“When the first night of Ramadân comes, the devils & mischievous jinns are chained up, and the gates of the Fire are closed, and none of its gates are opened. The gates of Paradise are opened and none of its gates are closed. And a caller cries out: ‘O seeker of good, proceed, O seeker of evil, stop.’ And Allâh has necks (people) whom He frees (from the Fire), and that happens every night.” (Ibn Mâjah 1642. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)


15) Fasting Ramadân is like fasting 10 months


عَنْ ثَوْبَانَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ صِيَامُ رَمَضَانَ بِعَشَرَةِ أَشْهُرٍ وَصِيَامُ السِّتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ بِشَهْرَيْنِ فَذَلِكَ صِيَامُ السَّنَةِ

Thawbân reported: The Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) said, “Fasting the month of Ramadân is like ten months of fasting and fasting six days of Shawwal is like two months of fasting. Thus, they are like fasting for a year.” (Sahîh At-Targhîb 1007. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

Published by أبو زكريا عيسى الألباني

BSc (Hons) Microbiology | Qur'ān | Sunnah |

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