بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Khadîjah bint Khuwaylid & Waraqah ibn Nawfal
Az-Zubayr ibn Bakkâr said: “During the Pre-Islamic Days of Ignorance, Khadîjah was known as at-Tahirah (the pure one); her mother was Fâtimah bint Zâ’idah al-‘Amiriyah.” Khâdijah was married to the Messenger ﷺ by her uncle ‘Amr ibn Asad. She died three years before the hijrah (migration). (The illustrious women of Islâm pg. 7)
Ibn Ishâq says: Khadîjah bint Khuwaylid believed in him, and gave trust to what he [the prophet] brought from Allâh. She supported him, and was the first person to believe in Allâh and His Messenger, and what was received from him (Sîrah of Ibn Hishâm 118)
Narrated ‘Âisha (the mother of the faithful believers): The commencement of the Divine Inspiration to Allâh’s Messenger (ﷺ) was in the form of good dreams which came true like bright daylight, and then the love of seclusion was bestowed upon him. He used to go in seclusion in the cave of Hirâ where he used to worship (Allâh alone) continuously for many days before his desire to see his family. He used to take with him the journey food for the stay and then come back to (his wife) Khadîjah to take his food likewise again till suddenly the Truth descended upon him while he was in the cave of Hirâ. The angel came to him and asked him to read. The Prophet (ﷺ) replied, “I do not know how to read.” The Prophet (ﷺ) added, “The angel caught me (forcefully) and pressed me so hard that I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read and I replied, ‘I do not know how to read.’ Thereupon he caught me again and pressed me a second time till I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read but again I replied, ‘I do not know how to read (or what shall I read)?’ Thereupon he caught me for the third time and pressed me, and then released me and said, ‘Read in the name of your Lord, who has created (all that exists), created man from a clot. Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous.” (96.1, 96.2, 96.3) Then Allâh’s Messenger (ﷺ) returned with the Inspiration and with his heart beating severely. Then he went to Khadîjah bint Khuwaylid and said, “Cover me! Cover me!” They covered him till his fear was over and after that he told her everything that had happened and said, “I fear that something may happen to me.” Khadîjah replied, “Never! By Allâh, Allâh will never disgrace you. You keep good relations with your kith and kin, help the poor and the destitute, serve your guests generously and assist the deserving calamity-afflicted ones.” Khadîjah then accompanied him to her cousin Waraqah ibn Nawfal ibn Asad ibn ‘Abdul ‘Uzza, who, during the pre-Islamic Period became a Christian and used to write the writing with Hebrew letters. He would write from the Gospel in Hebrew as much as Allâh wished him to write. He was an old man and had lost his eyesight. Khadîjah said to Waraqa, “Listen to the story of your nephew, O my cousin!” Waraqa asked, “O my nephew! What have you seen?” Allâh’s Messenger (ﷺ) described whatever he had seen. Waraqa said, “This is the same one who keeps the secrets (angel Gabriel) whom Allâh had sent to Moses. I wish I were young and could live up to the time when your people would turn you out.” Allâh’s Messenger (ﷺ) asked, “Will they drive me out?” Waraqa replied in the affirmative and said, “Anyone (man) who came with something similar to what you have brought was treated with hostility; and if I should remain alive till the day when you will be turned out then I would support you strongly.” But after a few days Waraqa died and the Divine Inspiration was also paused for a while. (Sahîh Bukhârî 3)
عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ أَتَى جِبْرِيلُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ هَذِهِ خَدِيجَةُ قَدْ أَتَتْ مَعَهَا إِنَاءٌ فِيهِ إِدَامٌ أَوْ طَعَامٌ أَوْ شَرَابٌ، فَإِذَا هِيَ أَتَتْكَ فَاقْرَأْ عَلَيْهَا السَّلاَمَ مِنْ رَبِّهَا وَمِنِّي، وَبَشِّرْهَا بِبَيْتٍ فِي الْجَنَّةِ مِنْ قَصَبٍ، لاَ صَخَبَ فِيهِ وَلاَ نَصَبَ.
Narrated Abû Hurayrah: Jibrîl came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and said, “O Allâh’s Messenger (ﷺ)! This is Khadîjah coming to you with a dish having meat soup or some food or drink. When she reaches you, greet her on behalf of her Lord (i.e. Allâh) and on my behalf, and give her the glad tidings of having a Qasab palace in Paradise wherein there will be neither any noise nor any fatigue (trouble) . ” (Sahîh Bukhârî 3820)
He (ﷺ) also said:
لا تَسبُّوا ورَقةَ فإنِّي رأيتُ لهُ جنَّةً أو جنَّتَينِ
“Do not revile Waraqah, for I saw that he will be in the Garden (Paradise), or will have two gardens.” Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî in As-Sahîhah 405 – according to the conditions of the two shaykhs [al-Bukhârî and Muslim].
‘Alî ibn Abû Tâlib
Imâm al-Maqdisi said: “He is Abul-Hasan ‘Alî ibn Abî Tâlib, the cousin of the Prophet ﷺ. His mother was Fâtimah bint Asad ibn Hâshim ibn ‘Abd Manâf. ‘Alî married Fâtimah – the daughter of the Prophet ﷺ, she gave birth to Hasan, Husayn and Muhassin. He died in 40AH.” (The Prophet & His Ten Companions)
Imâm at-Tirmidhî said: “‘Alî embraced Islâm at 8 years of age.” (Sunan At-Tirmidhî 3734)
كنتُ امرأً تاجرًا فقدمتُ الحجَّ فأتيتُ العباسَ بنَ عبدِ المطلبِ لأبتاعَ منهُ بعضَ التجارةِ وكان امرأً تاجرًا فواللهِ إني لعندَهُ بمِنًى إذ خرج رجلٌ من خِبَاءٍ قريبٍ منهُ فنظر إلى الشمسِ فلمَّا رآها مالت يعني قام يُصلِّي قال : ثم خرجت امرأةٌ من ذلك الخِبَاءِ الذي خرج منهُ ذلك الرجلُ فقامت خلفَهُ تُصلِّي ثم خرج غلامٌ حين راهقَ الحُلُمَ من ذلك الخِبَاءَ فقام معَهُ يُصلِّي قال : فقلتُ للعباسِ : من هذا يا عباسُ قال : هذا محمدُ بنُ عبدِ اللهِ بنُ عبدِ المطلبِ ابنُ أخي قال : فقلتُ : من هذه المرأةُ قال : هذه امرأتُهُ خديجةُ ابنةُ خويلدٍ قال : قلتُ : من هذا الفتى قال : هذا عليُّ بنُ أبي طالبٍ ابنُ عمِّهِ قال : فقلتُ : فما هذا الذي يصنعُ قال : يُصلِّي وهو يزعمُ أنَّهُ نبيٌّ ولم يتَّبِعْهُ على أمرِهِ إلا امرأتُهُ وابنُ عمِّهِ هذا الفتى وهو يزعمُ أنَّهُ سيُفتحُ عليهِ كنوزُ كسرى وقيصرَ قال : فكان عفيفًا وهو ابنُ عمِّ الأشعثِ بنِ قيسٍ يقولُ : وأسلمَ بعد ذلك فحسنَ إسلامُهُ لو كان اللهُ رزقني الإسلامَ يومئذٍ فأكونُ ثالثًا مع عليِّ بنِ أبي طالبٍ رضيَ اللهُ عنهُ
It was narrated from Ismâ’îl ibn Iyas bin ‘Afîf al-Kindi, from his father, that his grandfather said: I was a merchant;
I came for Hajj and came to al-‘Abbâs ibn ‘Abdul-Muttalib to buy some goods from him, as he was also a merchant. By Allâh, I was with him in Minna when a man came out of a tent nearby and looked at the sun. When he saw that it had passed its zenith, he stood up and prayed. Then a woman came out of that tent from which that man had come out, and she stood behind him to pray. Then a boy on the brink of adolescence came out of that tent and stood with him to pray. I said to al-‘Abbâs: Who is this, O ‘Abbâs? He said: This is Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullâh bin ‘Abdul-Muttalib, the son of my brother. I said: Who is this woman? He said: She is his
wife, Khadîjah bint Khuwailid. I said: Who is this youth? He said: He is ‘Alî ibn Abû Tâlib, the son of his paternal uncle. I said: What are they doing? He said: He is praying, and he claims that he is a Prophet, but no one follows him except his wife and this cousin of his, that young man. And he claims that the treasure of Chosroes and Caesar will be granted to him. He said: ‘Afîf – who was the paternal cousin of al-Ash’ath ibn Qais – became Muslim after that and was
a good Muslim, and he used to say: If Allâh had guided me to become Muslim on that day, I would have been the third with ‘Alî ibn Abû Tâlib. (Musnad Imâm Ahmad 1787, Ibn Jarîr At-Tarîkh. Declared Sahîh by Ahmad Shâkir).
أنا أوّل من صلّى مع رسول الله ﷺ
Habbah al-‘Urani said: I heard Alî say: “I am the first one to pray with the Messenger of Allâh ﷺ (Musnad Imâm Ahmad 1191, 1192. Declared Hasan by Al-Albânî).
Abû Bakr Al-Siddîq
Imâm As-Suyûti said: “He is ‘Abdullâh ibn Abî Quhâfah ‘Uthmân ibn ‘Âmir ibn ‘Amr ibn Ka’b ibn Sa’d ibn Taym ibn Murrah… whose genealogy connects to that of the Messenger of Allâh ﷺ in Murrah. His nickname was ‘Atîq and he was given that name on account of his having been set free from the Hellfire. The ummah agree that on his being named as-Siddîq because he hastened to affirm the Messenger of Allâh ﷺ and adhered steadfastly to truthfulness. He was born 2 years and some months after the birth of the Prophet ﷺ and he died on the night of Tuesday in Jumâda al-âkhirah in 13 AH, when he was 63 years old.” (Târikh al-Khulafâh)
Narrated by Abû Ad-Dardâ: While I was sitting with the Prophet, Abû Bakr came, lifting up one corner of his garment uncovering his knee. The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Your companion has had a quarrel.” Abû Bakr greeted (the Prophet (ﷺ) ) and said, “O Allâhs Messenger (ﷺ)! There was something (i.e. quarrel) between me and the Son of Al-Khattâb. I talked to him harshly and then regretted that, and requested him to forgive me, but he refused. This is why I have come to you.” The Prophet (ﷺ) said thrice, “O Abû Bakr! May Allâh forgive you.” In the meanwhile, `Umar regretted (his refusal of Abû Bakr’s excuse) and went to Abû Bakr’s house and asked if Abû Bakr was there. They replied in the negative. So he came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and greeted him, but signs of displeasure appeared on the face of the Prophet (ﷺ) till Abû Bakr pitied (`Umar), so he knelt and said twice, “O Allâhs Messenger (ﷺ)! By Allâh! I was more unjust to him (than he to me).” The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Allâh sent me (as a Prophet) to you (people) but you said (to me), ‘You are telling a lie,’ while Abû Bakr said, ‘He has said the truth,’ and consoled me with himself and his wealth.” He then said twice, “Won’t you then give up harming my companion?” After that nobody harmed Abû Bakr (Sahîh Bukhârî 3661).
Shaykh Albânî said: ‘This is a direct text which confirms Abû Bakr was the first to accept Islam (Sahî As-Sîrah).
عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ أَلَسْتُ أَحَقَّ النَّاسِ بِهَا أَلَسْتُ أَوَّلَ مَنْ أَسْلَمَ أَلَسْتُ صَاحِبَ كَذَا أَلَسْتُ صَاحِبَ كَذَا
Narrated by Abû Sa’îd Al-Khudrî: Abû Bakr said: “Am I not the most deserving of it among the people, am I not the first to become Muslim, am I not the person of such and such, am I not the person of such and such.” (At-Tirmidhî 3667. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)
عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ، رَجُلٌ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ زَيْدَ بْنَ أَرْقَمَ، يَقُولُ أَوَّلُ مَنْ أَسْلَمَ عَلِيٌّ . قَالَ عَمْرُو بْنُ مُرَّةَ فَذَكَرْتُ ذَلِكَ لإِبْرَاهِيمَ النَّخَعِيِّ فَأَنْكَرَهُ وَقَالَ أَوَّلُ مَنْ أَسْلَمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ الصِّدِّيقُ
Narrated from Abû Hamzah (Talhah ibn Yazîd), a man from the Ansar: that Zaid ibn Al-Arqam said: “The first to accept Islâm was ‘Alî.” ‘Amr bin Murrah said: “So I mentioned that to Ibrahîm An-Nakhâ’i, so he rejected that and said: ‘The first to accept Islâm was Abû Bakr As-Siddîq.'” (At-Tirmidhî 3735. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)
Shaykh Al-Albânî said: ”The first boy to accept Islâm is `Alî Ibn Abû Ṭâlib. The first one to accept Islâm from the (matured) free men was Abû Bakr al-Siddîq. His conversion was more beneficial than that of all those who were mentioned earlier, because he was one of the honored leaders and respected chiefs of Quraish and had quite some wealth. He was an active caller to Islâm, and was beloved, and used to spend his wealth in the cause of Allâh, and out of obedience to Allâh and His Messenger.” (Sahîh As-Sîrah)
‘Ammâr and his mother Sumayyah, Suhaib, Bilâl and Miqdâd
عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، قَالَ كَانَ أَوَّلَ مَنْ أَظْهَرَ إِسْلاَمَهُ سَبْعَةٌ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ وَعَمَّارٌ وَأُمُّهُ سُمَيَّةُ وَصُهَيْبٌ وَبِلاَلٌ وَالْمِقْدَادُ فَأَمَّا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ فَمَنَعَهُ اللَّهُ بِعَمِّهِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ وَأَمَّا أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَمَنَعَهُ اللَّهُ بِقَوْمِهِ وَأَمَّا سَائِرُهُمْ فَأَخَذَهُمُ الْمُشْرِكُونَ وَأَلْبَسُوهُمْ أَدْرَاعَ الْحَدِيدِ وَصَهَرُوهُمْ فِي الشَّمْسِ فَمَا مِنْهُمْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ إِلاَّ وَقَدْ وَاتَاهُمْ عَلَى مَا أَرَادُوا إِلاَّ بِلاَلاً فَإِنَّهُ قَدْ هَانَتْ عَلَيْهِ نَفْسُهُ فِي اللَّهِ وَهَانَ عَلَى قَوْمِهِ فَأَخَذُوهُ فَأَعْطَوْهُ الْوِلْدَانَ فَجَعَلُوا يَطُوفُونَ بِهِ فِي شِعَابِ مَكَّةَ وَهُوَ يَقُولُ أَحَدٌ أَحَدٌ
It was narrated that ‘Abdullâh ibn Mas’ûd said: “The first people to declare their Islâm publicly were seven: The Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) , Abû Bakr, ‘Ammâr and his mother Sumayyah, Suhaib, Bilâl and Miqdâd. With regard to the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) , Allâh protected him through his paternal uncle Abû Tâlib. With regard to Abû Bakr, Allâh protected him through his people. As for the rest, the idolators seized them and made them wear coats of chain-mail and exposed them to the intense heat of the sun. There was none of them who did not do what they wanted them to do, except for Bilâl. He did not care what happened to him for the sake of Allâh, and his people did not care what happened to him. Then they gave him to the children who took him around in the streets of Makkah while he was saying, ‘Ahad, Ahad (One, One).'” (Sunân Ibn Mâjah 150. Declared Hasan by Al-Albânî)
‘Amr ibn ‘Abasa Sulami
‘Amr ibn ‘Abasa Sulami reported: In the state of the Ignorance (before embracing Islâm), I used to think that the people were in error and they were not on anything (which may be called the right path) and worshipped the idols. Meanwhile, I heard of a man in Makkah who was giving news (on the basis of his prophetic knowledge) ; so I sat on my ride and went to him. The Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) was at that time hiding as his people had made life hard for him. I adopted a friendly attitude (towards the Makkans and thus managed) to enter Makkah and go to him (the Holy Prophet) and I said to him: Who are you? He said: I am a Prophet (of Allâh). I again said: Who is a Prophet? He said: (I am a Prophet in the sense that) I have been sent by Allâh. I said: What is that which you have been sent with? He said: I have been sent to join ties of relationship (with kindness and affection), to break the Idols, and to proclaim the oneness of Allâh (in a manner that) nothing is to be associated with Him. I said: Who is with you in this (in these beliefs and practices)? He said: A free man and a slave. He (the narrator) said: Abû Bakr and Bilâl were there with him among those who had embraced Islâm by that time. I said: I intend to follow you. He said: During these days you would not be able to do so. Don’t you see the (hard) condition under which I and (my) people are living? You better go back to your people and when you hear that I have been granted victory, you come to me. So I went to my family. I was in my home when the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) came to Medînah. I was among my people and used to seek news and ask people when he arrived in Medînah. Then a group of people belonging to Yathrib (Medînah) came. I said (to them): How is that person getting on who has come to Medînah? They said: The people are hastening to him, while his people (the polytheists of Makkah) planned to kill him, but they could not do so. I (on hearing it) came to Medînah and went to him and said: Messenger of Allâh, do you recognise me? He said: Yes, you are the same man who met me at Makkah. I said: It is so…. (Sahîh Muslim 832)
Sa’d ibn Abî Waqqâs
Imâm al-Maqdisi said: “He is Abû Ishâq ibn Abî Waqqâs Mâlik ibn Uhayb. His lineage connects with the Prophet (ﷺ) at Kilâb Ibn Murrah. He was from the foremost of those who embraced Islâm. He participated in all of the battles with the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ). He was the first person to shoot an arrow in the way of Allâh. He died in 55AH at around 70 years of age. He was the last of the 10 promised Paradise to die. (The Prophet & His Ten Companions)
عَنْ عَامِرِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ لَقَدْ رَأَيْتُنِي وَأَنَا ثُلُثُ الإِسْلاَمِ،
Narrated Sa’d: No doubt, (for some time) I stood for one-third of the Muslims. (Sahîh Bukhârî 3726)
مَا أَسْلَمَ أَحَدٌ إِلاَّ فِي الْيَوْمِ الَّذِي أَسْلَمْتُ فِيهِ، وَلَقَدْ مَكَثْتُ سَبْعَةَ أَيَّامٍ وَإِنِّي لَثُلُثُ الإِسْلاَمِ. تَابَعَهُ أَبُو أُسَامَةَ حَدَّثَنَا هَاشِمٌ
Sa’d bin Abî Waqqâs narrated: No man embraced Islâm before the day on which I embraced Islâm, and no doubt, I remained for seven days as one third of the then extant Muslims. (Sahîh Bukhârî 3727)
Imâm Ibn Kathîr & Ibn Hajr explained: He (Sa’d) spoke based on the information that he had at the time as we know other companions preceded him in embracing Islâm (Sahîh as-Sîrah).
‘Abdullâh ibn Mas’ûd
Ibn Mas’ûd narrated that: “I used to be a shepherd, looking after the sheep of Uqbah Ibn Abî Mua’it. One day the Prophet (ﷺ) and Abû Bakr passed by me – they were fleeing from the persecution of the Quraish in Makkah – and said:”O boy! Do you have any milk (you could give us to drink)?” I said: ‘Yes, but I am only a custodian (and as such cannot give you any of it).’ He (ﷺ) said: “Does the herd have any young sheep which does not yield milk?” So I brought them one such sheep, and he (ﷺ) passed his hand over its udder and it became full with milk and Abû Bakr milked it in a container. He (ﷺ) drank from it, and then Abû Bakr. He (ﷺ) then said to the udder: “reduce” and it reduced back to the way it was. (Later on) I approached him and said: ‘Teach me from these words (i.e. the Qur’ân).’ So he wiped his hand over my head and said: “Allâh have mercy on you, you are a little boy and you will learn (later).” So, (over the time) I learned from him seventy Sûrahs (chapters) directly from his lips, and no one else was with me when I learned them. (Musnad of Imâm Ahmad 3598, 3599, 4330, 4412) and Declared Hasan by Al-Albânî)
Abû Dharr al-Ghifârî
I was one fourth of Islâm. Only three people embraced Islâm before me. (Al-Hâkim in his mustadrak 5459. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)
Abû Dharr said: “We set out from our tribe Ghifâr, who used to regard the sacred months as permissible (for fighting). I set out with my brother Unais and our mother, and we stayed with a maternal uncle of ours. Our uncle honored us and treated us kindly, but his people felt jealous of us, and they said: ‘When you are away from your wife, Unais comes into your house (i.e., an accusation of adultery).’ Our uncle came and told us of what had been said to him. I said: ‘As for your past kindness, you have undone it, and we cannot stay with you after this.’ We went to our camels and loaded them up, and our uncle covered himself with his garment and started weeping. We set out and halted at Makkah. Unais made a wager that our herd of camels was better than another similar herd, and they went to a soothsayer and he made Unais win and Unais came with our camels and an equal number along with them.”
He (Abû Dharr) said (to ‘Abdullâh Ibn al-Sâmit): “I started to perform prayers, O son of my brother, three years before I met the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ). I (Abdullâh) said: ‘To whom?’ He said: ‘To Allâh.’ I said: ‘What direction did you face?’ He said: ‘I faced where my Lord directed me to. I used to pray at night until the end of the night, then I fell down (in exhaustion) like a piece of cloth until the sun rose over me.’”
(Abû Dharr continued): “(One day) Unais said: ‘I have some work in Makkah; stay here.’ He went to Makkah, and he came back late. I said: ‘What did you do?’ He said: ‘I met a man in Makkah who follows your religion. He says that Allâh has sent him.’ I said: ‘What do the people say?’ He said: ‘They say that he is a poet, or a soothsayer, or a magician.’ And Unais was one of the poets. Unais said: ‘I have heard the words of the soothsayers, and he is not a soothsayer. I compared his words to the words of poetry, and no one after me can say that he is a poet. By Allâh, he is telling the truth and they are lying.’ I said: ‘Stay here while I go and look.’”
He (Abû Dharr) said: “I came to Makkah and looked for an insignificant man among them. I said: ‘Where is this man whom you call al-Sâbî’ (i.e. the one who changed his religion)?’ He pointed at me and called out: ‘He is a Sâbî’ (i.e. the man told on Abû Dharr). The people of the valley attacked me with clods of earth and bones, until I fell unconscious. I got up whenever I recovered, and it was as if I was a red idol (due to excessive blood loss). I went to Zamzam and washed the blood from myself, and I drank some of its water. O son of my brother, I stayed there for thirty nights or days and I had no food but the water of Zamzam, but I grew so fat that I got folds on my stomach and I did not feel any hunger in my stomach.”
(Abû Dharr continued): “While the people of Makkah were sleeping deeply one moonlit night, no one was circumambulating the Ka’bah except two of their women, who were calling upon Isâfâ and Nâ’ilah (two idols). They came to me during their circumambulation and I said:’ Marry one of them to the other. ‘ But they did not stop what they were saying. They came to me again and I said:’ They are just pieces of wood like private parts’ ;and I could not use a metaphor. They turned away from me saying: ‘If any of our people were here they would teach you a lesson.’ They were met by the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) and Abû Bakr as they were coming down the hill, and he (ﷺ) said: “What is the matter with you?” They (the women) said: ‘There is a sâbî’ between the Ka’bah and its curtain. He (ﷺ) said: “What did he say to you?” They said: ‘He uttered such words before us as we cannot express.’ The Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) came and kissed the (Black) Stone, then he circumambulated the Ka’bah, along with his companion, then he prayed.” Abû Dharr said:” When he finished the prayer, I was the first one to greet him with the greeting of Islâm. I said: As-salâmu alaika yâ rasûlullâh. ” He (ﷺ) replied:” Wa ‘alaika salâm wa rahmatullaah.” Then he (ﷺ) said:” Who are you?” I said: ‘I am from Ghifâr.’ He (ﷺ) lifted his hand and placed his fingers on his forehead, and I said to myself: ‘He does not like the fact that I am from Ghifâr.’ I wanted to take his hand but his Companion stopped me, and he knew him better than I did. Then he raised his head and said: “How long have you been here?” I said: ‘I have been here for thirty days or nights.’ He (ﷺ) said: “Who has been feeding you?” I said: ‘I had no food except the water of Zamzam, and I have grown so fat that I have folds on my stomach, and I did not feel any hunger.’ He (ﷺ) said: “It is blessed, it serves as food.” Abû Bakr said: ‘O Messenger of Allâh, give me permission to offer him food tonight.’ The Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) and Abû Bakr set off, and I went with them. Abû Bakr opened a door and brought us raisins of al-Ṭâ’if, and that was the first food I ate (in a month). I stayed for a while, then I
came to the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) and he said: “I have been shown a land that has palm trees, and I do not think that it is any other than Yathrib (old name for al-Madînah). Will you convey a message from me to your people? Perhaps Allâh will benefit them through you and grant you reward through them.”
I came to Unais and he said: ‘What did you do?’ I said: ‘What I did is become a Muslim and attest to the truth.’ He said: ‘I have no aversion to your religion; I have also become Muslim and attested to the truth.’ We went to our mother and she said: ‘I have no aversion to your religion; I have also become Muslim and attested to the truth.’ We went to our people, Ghifâf, and half of them became Muslim, and they were led in prayer by Aymâ’ Ibn Rahadhah al-Ghifârî who was their chief. The other half of them said: ‘When the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) comes to al-Madìnah, we will become Muslim.’ When the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) came to al-Madînah, the other half also became Muslim. (The tribe of) Aslam came and said: ‘O Messenger of Allâh, (Ghifâr) are our brothers, we become Muslim on the same basis that they became Muslim.’ The Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) said: “May Allâh forgive Ghifâr and may Allâh keep Aslam safe and sound.” (Sahîh Muslim 2473)