The Names of Allâh: 1) Al-Hayy & 2) Al-Qayyûm

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Al-Hayy (The Ever-Living)
Al-Qayyûm (The Self-Subsisting)

Al-Hayy & Al-Qayyûm Mentioned In The Qur’ân

ٱللَّهُ لَآ إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ٱلۡحَيُّ ٱلۡقَيُّومُۚ… ٥٥٢

Allâh! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), The Ever-Living, The Self-Subsisting. (Sûrah al-Baqarah 2:255)

ٱللَّهُ لَآ إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ٱلۡحَيُّ ٱلۡقَيُّومُ ٢

Allâh! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), The Ever-Living, The Self-Subsisting. (Sûrah Al-Imrân 3:2)

وَعَنَتِ ٱلۡوُجُوهُ لِلۡحَيِّ ٱلۡقَيُّومِۖ وَقَدۡ خَابَ مَنۡ حَمَلَ ظُلۡمٗا ١١١

And (all) faces shall be humbled before (Allâh), The Ever-Living, The Self-Subsisting. And he who carried (a burden of) wrongdoing (i.e. he who disbelieved in Allâh, ascribed partners to Him, and did deeds of His disobedience), became indeed a complete failure (on that Day). (Sûrah At-Tâha 20:111)

وَتَوَكَّلۡ عَلَى ٱلۡحَيِّ ٱلَّذِي لَا يَمُوتُ وَسَبِّحۡ بِحَمۡدِهِۦۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِهِۦ بِذُنُوبِ عِبَادِهِۦ خَبِيرًا ٨٥

And put your trust in The Ever Living One Who dies not, and glorify His Praises, and Sufficient is He as the All-Knower of the sins of His slaves. (Sûrah al-Furqân 25:58)

هُوَ ٱلۡحَيُّ لَآ إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ فَٱدۡعُوهُ مُخۡلِصِينَ لَهُ ٱلدِّينَۗ ٱلۡحَمۡدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ ٱلۡعَٰلَمِينَ ٥٦

He is The Ever-Living, La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), so invoke Him making your worship pure for Him Alone. All the praises and thanks be to Allâh, The Lord of the ‘Âlamîn (mankind, jinns and all that exists). (Sûrah Ghâfir 40:65)

The Explanation Of Al-Hayy & Al-Qayyûm

Imâm As-Sa’dî said: “Al-Hayy is The One whos existence is the most complete and the most perfect form of existence: characterised by all the manifestation and qualities of life including Hearing, Sight, Doing, Power, Eminence, Eternity, and unquestionable authority.

Al-Qayyûm means that Allâh has always been Self-Existing and established in His own right, and He is independent of His creation. Since He is The One who creates existence, therefore all others depend on Him to come into existence and to establish and prosper in their own existence. Allâh is The One who runs the affairs of His creation. All matters of body, soul and heart are in Allâh’s Hands.” (Abridged and paraphrased from Taysîr al-Karîm al-Rahmân 3:1-2)

Ibn Abî al-‘Izz said: “Al-Hayy & Al-Qayyûm are mentioned together three times in the Qur’an. They are among the greatest names of Allâh. All of the beautiful names revolve around these two names, and their meanings return back to these two. Al-Qayyûm being joined with Al-Hayy necessitates that Allâh is qualified with all the perfect attributes. This also implies that He has those attributes from eternity and will have them forever without undergoing any diminution or reduction.

Al-Hayy signifies eternity and everlastingness.

Al-Qayyûm implies Allâh’s Self-sufficiency, freedom from all wants and His perfect power. He sustains Himself and others and His Sustaining is Perfect. Everything depends on Him and He depends on none.

He is there eternally, never fails to exist, never loses sight of things for a moment, never suffers loss or want, nor does He die or perish. He is The Ever-Living, The Self-Subsisting, Who will always be and will always have the most perfect attributes.” (Abridged and paraphrased from Sharh al-‘Aqîdah at-Tahâwîyyah p.46)

The Obligation To Follow The Way Of The Salaf al-Sâlih (The Pious Predecessors)

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

واتِّبَاعُ السَّلَفِ الصَّالِحِ وَاقْتِفَاءُ آثَارِهِمْ، وَالاسْتِغْفَارُ لَهُمْ

And [required of the Muslims is] strict following of Salaf al-Sâlih and adhering to the knowledge and guidance which they left behind, and seeking forgiveness for them. (‘Abû Muhammad Ibn Abî Zaid al-Qayrawânî in his risâlah|d.389AH)

The meaning of the term ‘salaf’

Shaykh Muhammad al-Uthaymîn: The term salaf means those who preceeded (al-muqadimûn); so anyone who precedes another is a salaf for him. However when the term salaf is used in the general sense, then what is intended is the three best generations: the companions, their students and their students after them. They are the Salaf as-Sâlih (the Pious Predecessors). (Fatâwâ Nûr ‘ala-Darb)

The term ‘salaf’ is nothing new

It’s usage in the Qur’ân:

﴿وَلاَ تَنكِحُواْ مَا نَكَحَ ءَابَاؤُكُمْ مِّنَ النِّسَآءِ إِلاَّ مَا قَدْ سَلَفَ إِنَّهُ كَانَ فَـحِشَةً وَمَقْتاً وَسَآءَ سَبِيلاً ﴾

And marry not women whom your fathers married, except what has already passed (Salaf); indeed it was shameful and Maqtan, and an evil way. (Sûrah an-Nisâ’ 4:22)

﴿فَجَعَلْنَـهُمْ سَلَفاً وَمَثَلاً لِّلاٌّخِرِينَ ﴾

 We made them a precedent (Salaf), and an example to later generations. (Sûrah az-Zukhruf 43:56)

It’s usage in the Sunnah:

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said to his daughter Fâtimah:

فَاتَّقِي اللَّهَ وَاصْبِرِي، فَإِنِّي نِعْمَ السَّلَفُ أَنَا لَكَ

So, be afraid of Allâh, and be patient, for I am the best predecessor (Salaf) for you. (Sahîh Bukhârî 6285)

Allâh, The All-Knowing placed his message with the best people & best supporters

Allâh says:

﴿اللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ حَيْثُ يَجْعَلُ رِسَالَتَهُ﴾

Allâh knows best with whom to entrust His Message. (Sûrah al-An’am 6:124)

Imâm Ibn Kathîr said: He knows best with whom His Message should be given and which of His creatures are suitable for it. (Tafsîr Ibn Kathîr 6:124)

‘Abdullâh Ibn Mas’ud said:

إنَّ اللَّهَ نَظرَ في قُلوبِ العِبادِ فوَجدَ قَلبَ محمَّدٍ صلَّى اللَّهُ عليهِ وسلَّمَ خَيرَ قُلوبِ العبادِ فاصطَفاهُ لنَفسِهِ وابتَعثَهُ برسالتِهِ ثمَّ نَظرَ في قُلوبِ العِبادِ بعدَ قلبِهِ فَوجدَ قُلوبَ أصحابِهِ خيرَ قلوبِ العِبادِ بعدَهُ فجَعلَهُم وزراءَ نبيِّهِ يقاتِلونَ علَى دينِهِ فما رآهُ المسلِمونَ حَسنًا فَهوَ عندَ اللَّهِ حَسَنٌ وما رآهُ المسلِمونَ سيِّئًا فَهُوَ عندَ اللَّهِ سَيِّءٌ

Allâh looked into the hearts of His slaves, and He saw that the heart of Muhammad (ﷺ) was the best of people’s hearts, so He chose him for Himself and sent him with His message. Then He looked into the hearts of His slaves after the heart of Muhammad, and He found that the hearts of his companions were the best of people’s hearts, so He made them the supporters of His Prophet, who fought for His religion. So whatever the Muslims think is good, is good before Allâh , and whatever they think is bad, is bad before Allâh.(Musnad Imâm Ahmad, 3600. Declared Hasan by Ibn Hajr)

– The Salaf al-Sâlih are the best generations [in virtue]

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ سَأَلَ رَجُلٌ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَىُّ النَّاسِ خَيْرٌ قَالَ ‏ “‏ الْقَرْنُ الَّذِي أَنَا فِيهِ ثُمَّ الثَّانِي ثُمَّ الثَّالِثُ

Â’ishah reported that a person asked Allâhs Messenger (ﷺ) as to who amongst the people were the best. He said: Of the generation to which I belong, then of the second generation (generation adjacent to my generation), then of the third generation (generation adjacent to the second generation). (Sahîh Muslim 2536)

The saved individual is the one who follows the Prophet & his companions

Allâh says:

﴿وَمَن يُشَاقِقِ الرَّسُولَ مِن بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ الْهُدَى وَيَتَّبِعْ غَيْرَ سَبِيلِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ نُوَلِّهِ مَا تَوَلَّى وَنُصْلِهِ جَهَنَّمَ وَسَآءَتْ مَصِيراً ﴾

And whoever opposes the Messenger after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follows other than the believers’ way, We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in Hell – what an evil destination. (Sûrah Nisâ’ 4:115)

Shaykh Ahmad al-Najmî said: Allâh, Exalted be He, referred to the Companions of the Prophet as the believers. (The word ‘believers’) also refers to those who succeeded the companions who are upon the same path as them. (Sharh al-Risâlah ibn Abî Zayd al-Qayrawânî p.166 & p.179)

وَإِنَّ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ تَفَرَّقَتْ عَلَى ثِنْتَيْنِ وَسَبْعِينَ مِلَّةً وَتَفْتَرِقُ أُمَّتِي عَلَى ثَلاَثٍ وَسَبْعِينَ مِلَّةً كُلُّهُمْ فِي النَّارِ إِلاَّ مِلَّةً وَاحِدَةً قَالُوا وَمَنْ هِيَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ مَا أَنَا عَلَيْهِ وَأَصْحَابِي ‏

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: Indeed the children of Isra’îl split into seventy-two sects, and my Ummah will split into seventy-three sects. All of them are in the Fire Except one sect.” He said: “And which is it O Messenger of Allâh?” He said: “[The ones who follow] what I & my companions are upon. (At-Tirmidhî 2641. Declared Hasan by Al-Albânî)

We should seek forgiveness for them

Allâh says:

﴿رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لَنَا وَلإِخْوَنِنَا الَّذِينَ سَبَقُونَا بِالإَيمَـنِ وَلاَ تَجْعَلْ فِى قُلُوبِنَا غِلاًّ لِّلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ رَبَّنَآ إِنَّكَ رَءُوفٌ رَّحِيمٌ﴾

Our Lord! Forgive us and our brethren who have preceded us in faith, and put not in our hearts any hatred against those who have believed. Our Lord! You are indeed The Kind, The Most-Merciful. (Sûrah al-Hashr 59:10)

We should speak only good of them & make excuses for them

اَ تَسُبُّوا أَصْحَابِي لاَ تَسُبُّوا أَصْحَابِي فَوَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لَوْ أَنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ أَنْفَقَ مِثْلَ أُحُدٍ ذَهَبًا مَا أَدْرَكَ مُدَّ أَحَدِهِمْ وَلاَ نَصِيفَ

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: Do not revile my Companions, do not revile my Companions. By Him in Whose Hand is my life, if one amongst you would have spent as much gold as (Mount) Uhud it would not amount to as much as one Mudd on behalf of one of them or half of it. (Sahîh Muslim 2540)

Islâm: The Cure for Todays Racism

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

  • It is Allâh Who has created mankind & their diversity

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلنَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقۡنَٰكُم مِّن ذَكَرٖ وَأُنثَىٰ وَجَعَلۡنَٰكُمۡ شُعُوبٗا وَقَبَآئِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوٓاْۚ إِنَّ أَكۡرَمَكُمۡ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ أَتۡقَىٰكُمۡۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٞ ٣١

O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honourable of you with Allâh is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa [i.e. one of the Muttaqun (pious – see V. 2:2). Verily, Allâh is All-Knowing, All-Aware. (Sûrah al-Hujurat 49:13)

It was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbâs:

لاَ أَرَى أَحَدًا يَعْمَلُ بِهَذِهِ الْآيَةِ‏:‏ ‏{‏يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ مِنْ ذَكَرٍ وَأُنْثَى‏}‏ حَتَّى بَلَغَ‏:‏ ‏{‏إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِنْدَ اللهِ أَتْقَاكُمْ‏}‏، فَيَقُولُ الرَّجُلُ لِلرَّجُلِ‏:‏ أَنَا أَكْرَمُ مِنْكَ، فَلَيْسَ أَحَدٌ أَكْرَمَ مِنْ أَحَدٍ إِلا بِتَقْوَى اللهِ

“I do not see anyone who acts by this ayat: ‘ O Mankind! We created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honourable of you with Allâh is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa.’ (49:13) One man says to another man, ‘I am more noble than you are.’ No one is nobler than another person except by taqwa.” (Bukhârî, Adab al-Mufrad 898. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

Imâm Ibn Kathîr explains the verse by saying:

Allâh the Exalted declares to mankind that He has created them all from a single person,’ Âdam, and from that person He created his mate, Hawwa’. From their offspring He made nations, comprised of tribe, which include subtribes of all sizes. It was also said that nations refers to non-Arabs, while tribes refers to Arabs. Therefore, all people are the descendants of ‘Âdam and Hawwa’ and share this honor equally. The only difference between them is in the religion that revolves around their obedience to Allâh the Exalted and their following of His Messenger . After He forbade backbiting and belittling other people, alerting mankind that they are all equal in their humanity.” (Tafsir Ibn Kathîr 49:13)

وَمِنۡ ءَايَٰتِهِۦ خَلۡقُ ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَٱخۡتِلَٰفُ أَلۡسِنَتِكُمۡ وَأَلۡوَٰنِكُمۡۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَأٓيَٰتٖ لِّلۡعَٰلِمِينَ ٢٢

And among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the difference of your languages and colours. Verily, in that are indeed signs for men of sound knowledge. (Sûrah ar-Rûm 30:22)

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى خَلَقَ آدَمَ مِنْ قَبْضَةٍ قَبَضَهَا مِنْ جَمِيعِ الأَرْضِ فَجَاءَ بَنُو آدَمَ عَلَى قَدْرِ الأَرْضِ فَجَاءَ مِنْهُمُ الأَحْمَرُ وَالأَبْيَضُ وَالأَسْوَدُ وَبَيْنَ ذَلِكَ وَالسَّهْلُ وَالْحَزْنُ وَالْخَبِيثُ وَالطَّيِّبُ

“Indeed Allâh Most High created Âdam from a handful that He took from all of the earth. So the children of Âdam come in according with the earth, some of them come red, and white and black, and between that, and the thin, the thick, the filthy, and the clean.” (At-Tirmidhî 2955. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

  • No person is better than another person except through Taqwâ [righteousness]

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said [To Âbû Dharr]:

انظرْ فإنَّك لستَ بخيرٍ من أحمرَ و لا أسودَ ، إلا أن تفضلَه بتقوى

“Look, since you are not better than a white person nor a black person, except if you exceed him in Taqwâ (righteousness).” (Sahîh al-Jâmi’ 1505)

He صلى الله عليه وسلم likewise said:

يا أيُّها النَّاسُ ! إنَّ ربَّكم واحدٌ ، وإنَّ أباكم واحدٌ ، ألا لا فضلَ لعربيٍّ على عجميٍّ ، ولا لعجميٍّ على عربيٍّ ، ولا لأحمرَ على أسودَ ، ولا لأسودَ على أحمرَ إلَّا بالتَّقوَى

“O people, your Lord is one and your father (Adam) is one. There is no virtue of an Arab over a foreigner, nor a foreigner over an Arab, and neither white over black nor black over white, except by righteousness.” (As-Sahîhah of Al-Albânî 2700. Hilyât al-Awliyâ 3/100 of Âbû Nu’aym. & Others)

  • Racism / Tribalism / Nationalism are affairs of al-Jâhiliyyah [pre-Islâmic times of ignorance]

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

مَنْ قَاتَلَ تَحْتَ رَايَةٍ عُمِّيَّةٍ يُقَاتِلُ عَصَبِيَّةً وَيَغْضَبُ لِعَصَبِيَّةٍ فَقِتْلَتُهُ جَاهِلِيَّةٌ

“Whoever fights under a banner of ignorance, or is angered for the sake of al-Asabiyyah [nationalism,tribalism] or advocates al-Asabiyyah, then he has died a death of Jahiliyyah.” (An-Nasâ’i 4115. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

وَمَنِ ادَّعَى دَعْوَى الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ فَإِنَّهُ مِنْ جُثَا جَهَنَّمَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَإِنْ صَلَّى وَصَامَ قَالَ ‏”‏ وَإِنْ صَلَّى وَصَامَ فَادْعُوا بِدَعْوَى اللَّهِ الَّذِي سَمَّاكُمُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ عِبَادَ اللَّه

“… And whoever calls with the call of Jâhiliyyah then he will be from the rock piles of Hell.” A man said: “O Messenger of Allâh! Even if he performs Salâh (prayer) and fasts?” So he (ﷺ) said: “Even if he performs Salâh and fasts. So call with the call that Allâh named you with: Muslims, believers, worshipers of Allah.” (At-Tirmidhî 2863. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عَمْرُو بْنُ دِينَارٍ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ جَابِرًا ـ رضى الله عنه ـ يَقُولُ غَزَوْنَا مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَقَدْ ثَابَ مَعَهُ نَاسٌ مِنَ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ حَتَّى كَثُرُوا، وَكَانَ مِنَ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ رَجُلٌ لَعَّابٌ فَكَسَعَ أَنْصَارِيًّا، فَغَضِبَ الأَنْصَارِيُّ غَضَبًا شَدِيدًا، حَتَّى تَدَاعَوْا، وَقَالَ الأَنْصَارِيُّ يَا لَلأَنْصَارِ‏.‏ وَقَالَ الْمُهَاجِرِيُّ يَا لَلْمُهَاجِرِينَ‏.‏ فَخَرَجَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏”‏ مَا بَالُ دَعْوَى أَهْلِ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ ‏”‏‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏”‏ مَا شَأْنُهُمْ ‏”‏‏.‏ فَأُخْبِرَ بِكَسْعَةِ الْمُهَاجِرِيِّ الأَنْصَارِيَّ قَالَ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ دَعُوهَا فَإِنَّهَا خَبِيثَةٌ

Sahih al-Bukhari 3518

Narrated by Jâbir: We were in the company of the Prophet (ﷺ) in a Ghazwa. A large number of emigrants joined him and among the emigrants there was a person who used to play jokes; so he (jokingly) shoved the emigrant. The Ansari (emigrant) got so angry that both of them called their people. The Ansari said, “Help, O Ansar!” And the emigrant said “Help, O emigrants!” The Prophet (ﷺ) came out and said, “What is wrong with the people (as they are calling) this call of the period of Ignorance? “Then he said, “What is the matter with them?” So he was told about the shove of the emigrant to the Ansari. The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Stop these calls for they are evil.” (Sahîh Bukhârî 3518)

عَنِ الْمَعْرُورِ، عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ، قَالَ رَأَيْتُ عَلَيْهِ بُرْدًا وَعَلَى غُلاَمِهِ بُرْدًا فَقُلْتُ لَوْ أَخَذْتَ هَذَا فَلَبِسْتَهُ كَانَتْ حُلَّةً، وَأَعْطَيْتَهُ ثَوْبًا آخَرَ‏.‏ فَقَالَ كَانَ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ رَجُلٍ كَلاَمٌ، وَكَانَتْ أُمُّهُ أَعْجَمِيَّةً، فَنِلْتُ مِنْهَا فَذَكَرَنِي إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ لِي ‏”‏ أَسَابَبْتَ فُلاَنًا ‏”‏‏.‏ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ أَفَنِلْتَ مِنْ أُمِّهِ ‏”‏‏.‏ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ إِنَّكَ امْرُؤٌ فِيكَ جَاهِلِيَّةٌ ‏”‏‏.‏ قُلْتُ عَلَى حِينِ سَاعَتِي هَذِهِ مِنْ كِبَرِ السِّنِّ قَالَ ‏”‏ نَعَمْ، هُمْ إِخْوَانُكُمْ، جَعَلَهُمُ اللَّهُ تَحْتَ أَيْدِيكُمْ، فَمَنْ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ أَخَاهُ تَحْتَ يَدِهِ فَلْيُطْعِمْهُ مِمَّا يَأْكُلُ، وَلْيُلْبِسْهُ مِمَّا يَلْبَسُ، وَلاَ يُكَلِّفُهُ مِنَ الْعَمَلِ مَا يَغْلِبُهُ، فَإِنْ كَلَّفَهُ مَا يَغْلِبُهُ فَلْيُعِنْهُ عَلَيْهِ

Ma’rur narrated: I saw Abû Dharr wearing a Burd (garment) and his slave too was wearing a Burd, so I said (to Abû Dharr), “If you take this (Burda of your slave) and wear it (along with yours), you will have a nice suit (costume) and you may give him another garment.” Abû Dharr said, “There was a quarrel between me and another man whose mother was a non-Arab and I called her bad names. The man mentioned (complained about) me to the Prophet. The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Did you abuse so-and-so?” I said, “Yes” He said, “Did you call his mother bad names?” I said, “Yes”. He said, “You still have the traits of (the Pre-lslamic period of) ignorance.” I said. “(Do I still have ignorance) even now in my old age?” He said, “Yes, they (slaves or servants) are your brothers, and Allâh has put them under your care. So the one under whose hand Allâh has put his brother, should feed him of what he eats, and give him dresses of what he wears, and should not ask him to do a thing beyond his capacity. And if at all he asks him to do a hard task, he should help him therein.” (Sahîh Bukhârî 6050)

The Hawd (Cistern) of the Prophet

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

What is the Hawd?

Shaykh Muhammad al-Uthaymîn said: “Hawd means a place where the water gathers, and what is intended here is the Hawd of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم.” (Sharh al-Aqîdah al-Wâsitiyyah)

The prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said :

يَغُتُّ فِيهِ مِيزَابَانِ يَمُدَّانِهِ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ أَحَدُهُمَا مِنْ ذَهَبٍ وَالآخَرُ مِنْ وَرِق

Two channels of water will flow into it from Paradise. One of these channels will be of gold and the other one will be of silver. (Sahîh Muslim 2301)

He صلى الله عليه وسلم also said:

عَنْ أَنَسٍ، قَالَ بَيْنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ بَيْنَ أَظْهُرِنَا إِذْ أَغْفَى إِغْفَاءَةً ثُمَّ رَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ مُتَبَسِّمًا فَقُلْنَا مَا أَضْحَكَكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ ‏”‏ أُنْزِلَتْ عَلَىَّ آنِفًا سُورَةٌ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَقَرَأَ ‏”‏ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ ‏{‏ إِنَّا أَعْطَيْنَاكَ الْكَوْثَرَ * فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَانْحَرْ * إِنَّ شَانِئَكَ هُوَ الأَبْتَرُ‏}‏ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏”‏ أَتَدْرُونَ مَا الْكَوْثَرُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَقُلْنَا اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ فَإِنَّهُ نَهْرٌ وَعَدَنِيهِ رَبِّي عَزَّ وَجَلَّ عَلَيْهِ خَيْرٌ كَثِيرٌ هُوَ حَوْضٌ تَرِدُ عَلَيْهِ أُمَّتِي يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ

Anas reported :One day the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) was sitting amongst us that he dozed off. He then raised his head smilingly. We said: What makes you smile. Messenger of Allâh? He said: A Sûrah has just been revealed to me, and then recited: In the name of Allâh, The Most-Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy. Verily We have given you al-Kawthar (The River of Abundance). Therefore turn to Your Lord for prayer and offer sacrifice, and surely the enemy is cut off (from all good). Then he (the Prophet) said: Do you know what al-Kawthar is? We said: Allâh and His Messenger know best. The Prophet (ﷺ) said: It is a river which my Lord, the Exalted and Glorious has promised me, and there is an abundance of good in it. It is a Hawd to which my people would come to on the Day of Resurrection. (Sahîh Muslim 400)

Ibn Abî Al-‘Izz said: “It’s water will come from Al-Kawthar, mixed with the water of Paradise.” (Sharh al-‘Aqîdah At-Tahâwiyyah)

The Hawd exists now

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

وَاللَّهِ لأَنْظُرُ إِلَى حَوْضِي الآنَ

“and by Allâh, I am looking at my Hawd now…” (Sahîh Bukhârî 6590)

The location of the Hawd & its size

Ibn Abî Al-‘Izz said: “The Hawd will be on the plains of Resurrection, facing the Bridge (As-Sirât).” (Sharh al-Aqîdah At-Tahâwiyyah)

[This was also the opinion of Shaykh Muhammad al-Uthaymîn, Ibn Hajr, Al-Qurtubî and others].

He صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

حَوْضِي مَسِيرَةُ شَهْرٍ

My Hawd is as wide as a months journey… (Sahîh Bukhârî 6579)

The water of the Hawd

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

مَاؤُهُ أَبْيَضُ مِنَ اللَّبَنِ، وَرِيحُهُ أَطْيَبُ مِنَ الْمِسْكِ

Its water is whiter than milk, and its smell is nicer than musk. (Sahîh Bukhârî 6579)

عَن حُذَيْفةَ، قالَ: حَوضُ النَّبيِّ أبيَضُ مثلُ اللَّبنِ، وأحلَى منَ العسَلِ، وأبرَدُ منَ الثَّلجِ، وأطيبُ ريحًا منَ المسكِ…

Hudhayfah narrated: “The Hawd of the prophet is whiter than milk, sweeter than honey, cooler than ice and better smelling than musk….” (As-Sunnah of Ibn Âbî al-‘Âsim 724. Declared Hasan by Al-Albânî)

The vessels of the Hawd

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

وَالَّذِي نَفْسُ مُحَمَّدٍ بِيَدِهِ لآنِيَتُهُ أَكْثَرُ مِنْ عَدَدِ نُجُومِ السَّمَاءِ وَكَوَاكِبِهَا أَلاَ فِي اللَّيْلَةِ الْمُظْلِمَةِ الْمُصْحِيَةِ آنِيَةُ الْجَنَّةِ

By Him in Whose Hand is the life of Muhammad, the vessels would outnumber the stars in the sky and its planets shining on a dark cloudless night. These would be the vessels of Paradise. (Sahîh Muslim 2300)

The effects of drinking from the Hawd

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

مَنْ وَرَدَ شَرِبَ وَمَنْ شَرِبَ لَمْ يَظْمَأْ أَبَدًا

He who comes would drink and he who drinks would never feel thirsty. (Sahîh Muslim 2290)

Those who will be prevented from drinking from the Hawd

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said :

لَيَرِدَنَّ عَلَىَّ نَاسٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِي الْحَوْضَ، حَتَّى عَرَفْتُهُمُ اخْتُلِجُوا دُونِي، فَأَقُولُ أَصْحَابِي‏.‏ فَيَقُولُ لاَ تَدْرِي مَا أَحْدَثُوا بَعْدَكَ

Some of my companions will come to me at my Lake Fount, and after I recognise them, they will then be taken away from me, whereupon I will say, ‘My companions!’ Then it will be said, ‘You do not know what they innovated (new things) in the religion after you. (Sahîh Bukhârî 6582)

In another narration it will be said about them:

إِنَّهُمُ ارْتَدُّوا عَلَى أَدْبَارِهِمُ الْقَهْقَرَى

… They turned apostate, disbelieving (in Islâm). (Sahîh Bukhârî 6586)

In another narration:

إِنَّهُمْ مِنِّي‏.‏ فَيُقَالُ إِنَّكَ لاَ تَدْرِي مَا بَدَّلُوا بَعْدَكَ فَأَقُولُ سُحْقًا سُحْقًا لِمَنْ بَدَّلَ بَعْدِي

I will say those people are from me. It will be said, ‘You do not know what changes and new things they did after you.’ Then I will say, ‘Far removed (from mercy), far removed (from mercy), those who changed (the religion) after me!” (Sahîh Bukhârî 7051)

Every Prophet has a Hawd

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

إِنَّ لِكُلِّ نَبِيٍّ حَوْضًا وَإِنَّهُمْ يَتَبَاهَوْنَ أَيُّهُمْ أَكْثَرُ وَارِدَةً وَإِنِّي أَرْجُو أَنْ أَكُونَ أَكْثَرَهُمْ وَارِدَةً

Indeed there is a Hawd for every Prophet, and indeed they compete to see which of them has the most (followers) arriving to it. Indeed I hope that mine will be the one with the most arrivals. (At-Tirmidhî 2443. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

Halloween: Its Origins & The Islamic Ruling Concerning It

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

The word ‘Halloween’

Halloween or Hallowe’en is an abbreviation of the Scottish term – ‘All Hollows Even’ – the evening before [October 31st] All Hollows day (All Saints Day).

All Saints Day was designated November the 1st from May 13th by Pope Gregory IV in 835 for remembering the ‘dead holy saints’.

Historical background of Halloween

Halloween can be traced back to the Samhain celebration among the Celts – in particular those of the Druid religion – of Ancient Britain and Ireland.


Samhain is pronounced Sow(as in Cow)Inn, and is sometimes written in the Old Scottish Gaelic form as ‘Samhuinn’. Samhain was a harvest or herding festival, and a Celtic new year’s festival and a day of the dead involving worship of the Celtic Gods, Goddesses & ancestors.

Samhain, is also a reference to the ‘Lord of The Darkness’ or the ‘Lord of the Dead’ which was worshipped and believed to “release the souls that had been trapped in the bodies of animals and sent to their new incarnations”. Additionally, the Celts Druid priests used to perform human and cattle sacrifice to it.

Druid Priests, and Celtic Shamans would tell the fortunes of individuals through a variety of methods: by the use of divination tools such as the Celtic Ogham [alphabet tool] – named after Ogmos, one of the Celtic gods.

During the Samhain festival, it was believed that the souls of those who had died were to return from the Otherworld to visit their homes, and those who had died during the year were believed to journey to the Otherworld. People set bonfires on hilltops, danced around, skins of slaughtered animals were worn as disguise from the ‘evil spirits’ seeking revenge but also to invoke the spirits of sacred animals – as was the practice in the Scottish Highlands.

Samhain is also the night of the Great Sabbat for the witches (Ban-Druidh, in Scots Gaelic – trans. ‘Female Sorcerer’). The Witches would gather and celebrate by performing spells.

The History of Trick-or-Treating

Although history is vague regarding the exact root of Trick-or-Treating, some remnants can be traced back to the Celtic celebrations of Samhain.

On Samhain, families would place food and drink outside the doors for the purpose of “appeasing the roaming spirits who might play tricks on the family”. 

Following the spread of Christianity into the Celtic lands, it compounded and mixed with the pagan rites – a common theme of Christianity. So by the 9th century – following November 1st being ordained as the day of honoring the dead saints (briefly mentioned previously) – the Christian celebrations around this day resembled that of the Celts on Samhain [i.e bonfires & masquerades]. On this day, families would visit the tombs of the dead and ‘offer’ bread soaked in wine, salt, weat etc… to “appease the souls of the dead”. After the 10th Century, ‘The Feast of All Souls’ was instigated and people began to visit graves, place candles,light bonfires and partake of meals on the graves.

Subsequently, traditions known as ‘Souling’ and ‘Ringing of Bells’ appeared.

Souling was ultimately a precursor to modern day trick or treating which involved the poor going door to door offering prayers for the dead in return for soul cakes. It was believed that for every piece of bread or soul cake given to the poor, a soul would be freed from Hell.

This practise was then taken and practised by children, where they would dress up in costumes going door to door accepting offerings (i.e food) in exchange for a ‘trick’ like a joke or a song – a practise termed as Guising.

Modern day Souling includes the practise of Pangangaluwa in Philippines, where people, usually children cover themselves in white cloths as a representation of the dead, visit homes and sing in return for sweets. A similar practise – Pao-por-Deus – is observed in Portugal.

Now that we have established that Halloween is rooted in shirk [paganism] and magic, we will mention the rulings of such acts- insha Allâh- & how a Muslims attitude should be towards that, and conclude with a fatâwâ from Shaykh Fu’âd Al-Amrî.

Halloween is forbidden in Islâm

  • Shirk is the worst sin

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يَغۡفِرُ أَن يُشۡرَكَ بِهِۦ وَيَغۡفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَن يَشَآءُۚ وَمَن يُشۡرِكۡ بِٱللَّهِ فَقَدۡ ضَلَّ ضَلَٰلَۢا بَعِيدًا ٦١١

Verily! Allah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with Him, but He forgives whom he pleases sins other than that, and whoever sets up partners in worship with Allâh, has indeed strayed far away. (Sûrah An-Nisâ 4:116)

إِنَّهُۥ مَن يُشۡرِكۡ بِٱللَّهِ فَقَدۡ حَرَّمَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيۡهِ ٱلۡجَنَّةَ وَمَأۡوَىٰهُ ٱلنَّارُۖ وَمَا لِلظَّـٰلِمِينَ مِنۡ أَنصَارٖ ٢٧

Verily, whosoever sets up partners in worship with Allâh, then Allâh has forbidden Paradise for him, and the Fire will be his abode. And for the Dhâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers) there are no helpers. (Sûrah al-Mâ’idah 5:72)

  • Magic is a form of Shirk & is one of the destructive sins

وَٱتَّبَعُواْ مَا تَتۡلُواْ ٱلشَّيَٰطِينُ عَلَىٰ مُلۡكِ سُلَيۡمَٰنَۖ وَمَا كَفَرَ سُلَيۡمَٰنُ وَلَٰكِنَّ ٱلشَّيَٰطِينَ كَفَرُواْ يُعَلِّمُونَ ٱلنَّاسَ ٱلسِّحۡرَ وَمَآ أُنزِلَ عَلَى ٱلۡمَلَكَيۡنِ بِبَابِلَ هَٰرُوتَ وَمَٰرُوتَۚ وَمَا يُعَلِّمَانِ مِنۡ أَحَدٍ حَتَّىٰ يَقُولَآ إِنَّمَا نَحۡنُ فِتۡنَةٞ فَلَا تَكۡفُرۡۖ فَيَتَعَلَّمُونَ مِنۡهُمَا مَا يُفَرِّقُونَ بِهِۦ بَيۡنَ ٱلۡمَرۡءِ وَزَوۡجِهِۦۚ وَمَا هُم بِضَآرِّينَ بِهِۦ مِنۡ أَحَدٍ إِلَّا بِإِذۡنِ ٱللَّهِۚ وَيَتَعَلَّمُونَ مَا يَضُرُّهُمۡ وَلَا يَنفَعُهُمۡۚ وَلَقَدۡ عَلِمُواْ لَمَنِ ٱشۡتَرَىٰهُ مَا لَهُۥ فِي ٱلۡأٓخِرَةِ مِنۡ خَلَٰقٖۚ وَلَبِئۡسَ مَا شَرَوۡاْ بِهِۦٓ أَنفُسَهُمۡۚ لَوۡ كَانُواْ يَعۡلَمُونَ ٢٠١

They followed what the Shayatin (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Sulaiman (Solomon). Sulaiman did not disbelieve, but the Shayatin (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic and such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels, Harût and Marût, but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, “We are only for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).” And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allâh’s Leave. And they learn that which harms them and profits them not. And indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no share in the Hereafter. And how bad indeed was that for which they sold their ownselves, if they but knew. (Sûrah al-Baqarah 2:102)

Shaykh Salîh al-Fawzân said: Magic is an act of shirk, as it contains seeking the devil’s aid and being attached to them. (p.198 of Kitâb at-Tawhîd)

The prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said : “Avoid the seven destructive sins. It was said: What are they, Messenger of Allâh? He (the Holy Prophet) replied: Associating anything with Allâh , magic, killing of one whom God has declared inviolate without a just cause, consuming the property of an orphan, and consuming of usury, turning back when the army advances, and slandering chaste women who are believers, but unwary. (Sahîh Muslim 89)

  • Sacrificing (animals) to other than Allâh is Shirk

فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَٱنۡحَرۡ ٢

Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only). (Sûrah al-Kawthar 108:2)

قُلۡ إِنَّ صَلَاتِي وَنُسُكِي وَمَحۡيَايَ وَمَمَاتِي لِلَّهِ رَبِّ ٱلۡعَٰلَمِينَ ٢٦١ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُۥۖ وَبِذَٰلِكَ أُمِرۡتُ وَأَنَا۠ أَوَّلُ ٱلۡمُسۡلِمِينَ ٣٦١

Say (O Muhammad SAW): “Verily, my Salat (prayer), my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allâh, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).He has no partner. And of this I have been commanded, and I am the first of the Muslims.” (Sûrah al-An’âm 6:162-163)

  • Divination & fortune-telling are forms of Shirk

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ إِنَّمَا ٱلۡخَمۡرُ وَٱلۡمَيۡسِرُ وَٱلۡأَنصَابُ وَٱلۡأَزۡلَٰمُ رِجۡسٞ مِّنۡ عَمَلِ ٱلشَّيۡطَٰنِ فَٱجۡتَنِبُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمۡ تُفۡلِحُونَ ٠٩

O you who believe! Intoxicants (all kinds of alcoholic drinks), gambling, Al-Ansab, and Al-Azlam (arrows for seeking luck or decision) are an abomination of Shaitan’s (Satan) handiwork. So avoid (strictly all) that (abomination) in order that you may be successful. (Sûrah al-Mâ’idah 5:90)

The prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “He is not from us (Muslims) who practises tiyarah (seeking evil omens) or has it practised for him, who practises soothsaying or asks another person to soothsay for him, and who practises sorcery or asks anotber person to practise sorcery for him. If anyone visits a soothsayer and believes in what he says, he is regarded as disbelieving in what has been revealed to Muhammad. (At-Tabarani and others).

  • The Muslims attitude towards Shirk, magic and that which Allâh & His Messenger hate even if he doesn’t practise such acts himself

Allâh says describing the servants of Ar-Rahmân (Allâh) :

وَٱلَّذِينَ لَا يَشۡهَدُونَ ٱلزُّورَ وَإِذَا مَرُّواْ بِٱللَّغۡوِ مَرُّواْ كِرَامٗا ٢٧

And those who do not witness falsehood, and if they pass by some evil play or evil talk, they pass by it with dignity. (Sûrah al-Furqân 25:72)

Ibn Kathîr says : “These are further attributes of the servants of the Most Merciful. They do not bear witness to falsehood, including lies, immorality, disbelief, foul speech and false words”.

The prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said : If anyone loves for Allâh’s sake, hates for Allâh’s sake, gives for Allâh’s sake and withholds for Allâh’s sake, he will have perfect faith. (Sunan Abû Dawûd 4681. Classed as Sahîh by Al-Albânî).

The prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: Whoever among you sees evil, let him change it with his hand. If he is unable to do so, then with his tongue. If he is unable to do so, then with his heart, and that is the weakest level of faith. (Sahîh Muslim 49)

Shaykh Salîh al-Fawzân said: It is obligatory for Muslims to be averse to disbelief and the disbelievers, for the one who hates something hates whoever is possessed of it. (p.254 of Kitâb at-Tawhîd)

  • It is forbidden to imitate the disbelievers

The prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Whoever imitates a people is one of them.” (Sunan Abû Dawûd 4031. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

He صلى الله عليه وسلم also said: “You will follow the ways of the previous nations just as a tail of an arrow resembles another, that even if they were to go into a hole of a Dabb, you too would go there. The companions said: ‘O messenger of Allâh, do you mean the Jews and the Christians?’ he replied, ‘If not them, them whom.’ (Sahîh Muslim 2669)

Shaykh Salîh al-Fawzân said: This narration proves that acts of shirk are committed by some people in the Muslim nation, as they used to be committed by people of the previous nations. Consequently, for imitating the ways of the previous nations, many among the Muslims usually fall into Shirk. Muslims are warned against imitating the disbelievers, especially those of polytheistic nature. (p192-193 of Kitâb at-Tawhîd. Paraphrased)

Shaykh Salîh al-Fawzân also said elsewhere: So it is obligatory on the Muslims to take honor in their Religion and not imitate the disbelievers in their specific dress, customs, or what is even worse than thay, in their religion… (Things that nullify one’s Islâm, 3rd Ed. P.106)

  • It is important the Muslim safeguards his children from evil & raises them correctly

The prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: Every one of you is a shepherd and is responsible for his flock. The leader of people is a guardian and is responsible for his subjects. A man is the guardian of his family and he is responsible for them. A woman is the guardian of her husband’s home and his children and she is responsible for them. The servant of a man is a guardian of the property of his master and he is responsible for it. No doubt, every one of you is a shepherd and is responsible for his flock.” (Sahîh Bukhârî 6719)

  • The children should be kept indoors after night falls (Maghrib)

The prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said : When the wings of the night spread  – or when evening comes – keep your children in, for the devils come out at that time. (Sahîh Muslim 2012)

Shaykh Fu’âd Al-Amrî on Halloween

Shaykh Fu’aad Al-‘Amree on Halloween and the Holidays of the Kuffaar

Question: Our Shaykh, may Allaah reward you and treat you well. We are in need of you commenting on this affair as there is a time drawing near for the disbelievers in our land and many of the Muslims fall into participating in it and allowing their children to do so. It is as follows:

The disbelievers have a holiday called Halloween


It is also called:

عيد الرعب

It is known that all of the holidays of the disbelievers are impermissible for the Muslims; however, this holiday has origins in Shirk and worship of the devils. It is said that the ancient Christians used to believe that on October 31st or around this day, the devils and demons were released from Hell and would cause havoc upon the lands. The only people whom they would not harm were those who made sacrifices by placing cakes and milk on the graves of the dead for the purpose of keeping the dead at ease.

Today, the people, on this day, dress up in costumes as monsters and devils and other things, some frightening and some not frightening, to simulate the dead and the devils coming out on this night. They dress their children up in these costumes and they walk about in the neighborhoods and knock on the people’s doors and say: “Trick or treat”. The meaning is: “Either you give me a treat or I will do a trick (i.e., some type of evil to you or your home.” And the occupants of the home usually buy candy to give the children who are dressed in the costume. This is a connection to the giving of cakes and milk to the inhabitants of the grave that the ancient Christians would do. The people also decorate their homes to look like scary haunted houses in celebration of this Satanic day.

This holiday is very big in these lands, yet I have not found, in my research, any of the scholars speaking about it. My dear Shaykh, is it possible for you to comment on this in a recorded statement on Whatsapp, which I will translate and spread before the day of October 31st to warn the Muslims from participating in this day and allowing their children to do so. May Allah reward you and beautify you with Tawheed and the Sunnah.

Shaykh Fu’aad Al-‘Amree responds:

All the praise is for Allaah; may prayers and peace be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and companions altogether. As to proceed:

I say, in response to that the mention of which was presented in the question: It is not permissible for the Muslim who believes in Allaah and the last day to participate with the disbelievers and polytheists in their holidays. Allaah the Exalted says regarding the descriptions of the slaves of Ar-Rahmaan:

وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَشْهَدُونَ الزُّورَ وَإِذَا مَرُّوا بِاللَّغْوِ مَرُّوا كِرَامًا

And those who do not witness falsehood, and if they pass by some evil play or evil talk, they pass by it with dignity. (Al-Furqan 25:72)

Mujaahid and others have stated that: Az-Zoor الزُّورَ is the ‘Eids of the polytheists. When the Prophet, upon him be prayers and peace, came to Al-Madeenah and found them having two days in which they played he asked about them. He was informed that they were two days in which they would play during the days of Jahiliyah. He repudiated them with his statement:

Allaah has replaced them with that which is better than them; the day of Ad’haa and the day of Fitr.

Participating in holidays of falsehood contains imitation of their people. It has been authentically narrated from the Prophet, upon him be prayers and peace, that he said:

He who imitates a people is one of them.

So it is obligatory upon he who desires safety for himself to cling to the pure legislation and to bite onto the guidance of the Prophet, upon him be prayers and peace, with the molar teeth; and to abandon all of that which Allaah the Exalted has prohibited. Shaykhul-Islaam has written, regarding this issue, a magnificent treatise which the one who seeks the truth and desires felicity should refer to, entitled: Iqtidaa’ As-Siraat Al-Mustaqeem Mukhaalifah As’haabil-Jaheem

Sent Via Whatsapp
Translated by Raha ibn Donald Batts

الحمد لله، والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين، وبعد: فأقول جوابا على ماتقدم ذكره في السؤال: ﻻ يجوز لمسلم يؤمن بالله واليوم اﻵخر أن يشارك الكفار والمشركين في أعيادهم، قال تعالى في صفات عباد الرحمن (والذين ﻻ يشهدون الزور وإذا مروا باللغو مروا كراما)قال مجاهد وغيره: الزور أعياد المشركين. والنبي عليه الصﻻة والسﻻم لما قدم المدينة ووجد لهم يومين يلعبون فيهما، فسأل عنهما فأخبر بأنهما يومان كانوا يلعبون فيهما في الجاهلية. فأنكر عليهم بقوله:(قد أبدلكم الله بخير منهما يوم اﻷضحي ويوم الفطر) رواه أبو داود. والمشاركة في اﻷعياد الباطلة فيه تشبه بأهلها وقد صح عن النبي عليه الصﻻة والسﻻم قوله:(من تشبه بقوم فهو منهم) رواه أبو داود . فالواحب على من أراد النجاة لنفسه أن يلزم الشرع المطهر، وأن يعض بالنواجذ على هدي النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم، وأن يهجر كل ما حرم الله تعالى. وقد كتب شيخ اﻹسﻻم في هذا الباب رسالة عظيمة فليراجعها طالب الحق وباغي السعادة والنجاة بعنوان اقتضاء الصراط المستقيم مخالفة أصحاب الجحيم

Sûrah Al-Fâtihah: It’s Names & Virtues

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

1. In the Name of Allâh, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.  
2. All the praises and thanks be to Allâh, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). 
3. The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.  
4. The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)  
5. You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).  
6. Guide us to the Straight Way 
7. The Way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace, not (the way) of those who earned Your Anger (such as the Jews), nor of those who went astray (such as the Christians). [Sûrah Al-Fâtihah 1:1-7]

The revelation of Sûrah Al-Fâtihah

Al-Fâtihah was revealed in Makkah as Ibn ‘Abbâs, Qatâdah and Abû Al-‘Âliyah stated.

Allâh said,

﴿وَلَقَدْ ءاتَيْنَـكَ سَبْعًا مِّنَ الْمَثَانِي﴾

(And indeed, We have bestowed upon you the seven Mathani) (seven repeatedly recited verses), (i.e. Sûrah Al-Fâtihah) (15:87).

The names of Sûrah Al-Fâtihah

1) Umm al-Kitâb (The Mother of the Book)

2) Umm al-Qur’ân (The Mother of the Qur’ân)

3) Sab al-Mathânî (The Seven Oft-Repeated Verses)

4) Al-Qur’ân al-Adhîm (The Great Qur’ân)

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ ‏{‏ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ ‏}‏ أُمُّ الْقُرْآنِ وَأُمُّ الْكِتَابِ وَالسَّبْعُ الْمَثَانِي ‏”

Abû Hurairah reported the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) as saying: All praise be to Allâh, the Lord of the ‘âlamîn” (1) is The mother of the Qur’ân, The mother of the Book, and The seven oft-repeated verses. (Abû Dawûd 1457. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

And in another narration [Abu Dawûd 1456. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî] he (ﷺ) said:  ‏”‏ ‏{‏ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ ‏}‏ وَهِيَ السَّبْعُ الْمَثَانِي الَّتِي أُوتِيتُ وَالْقُرْآنُ الْعَظِيمُ ‏”

It is: “Praise be to Allâh, the Lord of the Universe” which is the seven oft-repeated verses, and The Great Qur’ân.

Imam Bukhârî said: It is called Umm Al-Kitâb, because the Qur’ân starts with it and because the prayer is started by reciting it. (Sahîh Bukhari, Kitâb At-Tafsîr:1)

5) Al-Fâtihah (The Opener)

Imâm Ibn Kathîr said: This Sûrah is called Al-Fâtihah, that is, the Opener of the Book, the Sûrah with which prayers are begun. (Tafsîr Ibn Kathîr 1)

6) Al-Hamd (The Praise) & As-Salâh (The Prayer)

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏”‏ مَنْ صَلَّى صَلاَةً لَمْ يَقْرَأْ فِيهَا بِأُمِّ الْقُرْآنِ فَهْىَ خِدَاجٌ – ثَلاَثًا – غَيْرُ تَمَامٍ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَقِيلَ لأَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ إِنَّا نَكُونُ وَرَاءَ الإِمَامِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ اقْرَأْ بِهَا فِي نَفْسِكَ فَإِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏”‏ قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى قَسَمْتُ الصَّلاَةَ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ عَبْدِي نِصْفَيْنِ وَلِعَبْدِي مَا سَأَلَ فَإِذَا قَالَ الْعَبْدُ ‏{‏ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ‏}‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى حَمِدَنِي عَبْدِي وَإِذَا قَالَ ‏{‏ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ‏}‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى أَثْنَى عَلَىَّ عَبْدِي ‏.‏ وَإِذَا قَالَ ‏{‏ مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ‏}‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَجَّدَنِي عَبْدِي – وَقَالَ مَرَّةً فَوَّضَ إِلَىَّ عَبْدِي – فَإِذَا قَالَ ‏{‏ إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ‏}‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ هَذَا بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ عَبْدِي وَلِعَبْدِي مَا سَأَلَ ‏.‏ فَإِذَا قَالَ ‏{‏ اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ * صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ‏}‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ هَذَا لِعَبْدِي وَلِعَبْدِي مَا سَأَلَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ سُفْيَانُ حَدَّثَنِي بِهِ الْعَلاَءُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ دَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ وَهُوَ مَرِيضٌ فِي بَيْتِهِ فَسَأَلْتُهُ أَنَا عَنْهُ

Abû Hurairah reported: The prophet of Allâh (ﷺ) said: If anyone observes prayer in which he does not recite Umm al-Qur’ân, It is deficient [he said this three times] and not complete. It was said to Abû Hurairah: At times we are behind the Imâm. He said: Recite it inwardly, for he had heard the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) declare that Allâh the Exalted had said: I have divided the prayer (i.e Al-Fâtihah) into two halves between Me and My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks. When the servant says: Praise be to Allâh, the Lord of the universe, Allâh the Most High says: My servant has praised Me. And when he (the servant) says: The Most Compassionate, the Merciful, Allâh the Most High says: My servant has lauded Me. And when he (the servant) says: Master of the Day of judgment, He remarks: My servant has glorified Me. and sometimes He would say: My servant entrusted (his affairs) to Me. And when he (the worshipper) says: You alone do we worship and You alone do we ask help, He (Allah) says: This is between Me and My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks for. Then, when he (the worshipper) says: Guide us to the straight path, the path of those to whom You have bestowed your favour and not of those who have earned Your Anger, nor of those who have gone astray, He (Allâh) says: This is for My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks for. Sufyân said: ‘Ala b. ‘Abd al-Rahmân b. Ya’qûb narrated it to me when I went to him and he was confined to his home on account of illness, and I asked him about it. (Sahîh Muslim 395)

Imâm Ibn Kathîr said: Al-Fâtihah was called the Salâh, because reciting it is a condition for the correctness of Salâh (prayer). (Tafsîr Ibn Kathîr 1)

7) Ar-Ruqyah (The Remedy) / Ash-Shifâ (The Cure)

عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ أَنَّ نَاسًا مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَتَوْا عَلَى حَىٍّ مِنْ أَحْيَاءِ الْعَرَبِ فَلَمْ يَقْرُوهُمْ، فَبَيْنَمَا هُمْ كَذَلِكَ إِذْ لُدِغَ سَيِّدُ أُولَئِكَ فَقَالُوا هَلْ مَعَكُمْ مِنْ دَوَاءٍ أَوْ رَاقٍ فَقَالُوا إِنَّكُمْ لَمْ تَقْرُونَا، وَلاَ نَفْعَلُ حَتَّى تَجْعَلُوا لَنَا جُعْلاً‏.‏ فَجَعَلُوا لَهُمْ قَطِيعًا مِنَ الشَّاءِ، فَجَعَلَ يَقْرَأُ بِأُمِّ الْقُرْآنِ، وَيَجْمَعُ بُزَاقَهُ، وَيَتْفِلُ، فَبَرَأَ، فَأَتَوْا بِالشَّاءِ، فَقَالُوا لاَ نَأْخُذُهُ حَتَّى نَسْأَلَ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَسَأَلُوهُ فَضَحِكَ وَقَالَ ‏ “‏ وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ أَنَّهَا رُقْيَةٌ، خُذُوهَا، وَاضْرِبُوا لِي بِسَهْمٍ ‏”

Narrated by Abû Sa’îd Al-Khudrî: Some of the companions of the Prophet (ﷺ) came across a tribe amongst the tribes of the Arabs, and that tribe did not entertain them. While they were in that state, the chief of that tribe was bitten by a snake (or stung by a scorpion). They said, (to the companions of the Prophet (ﷺ) ), “Have you got any medicine with you or anybody who can treat with Ruqya?” The Prophet’s companions said, “You refuse to entertain us, so we will not treat (your chief) unless you pay us for it.” So they agreed to pay them a flock of sheep. One of them (the Prophet’s companions) started reciting Sûrah Al-Fâtihah and gathering his saliva and spitting it (at the snake-bite). The patient got cured and his people presented the sheep to them, but they said, “We will not take it unless we ask the Prophet (whether it is lawful).” When they asked him, he smiled and said, “How do you know that Sûrah Al-Fâtihah is a Ruqya? Take it (flock of sheep) and assign a share for me.” (Sahih Bukhârî 5736)

Other Virtues of Al-Fâtihah

– عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُعَلَّى، قَالَ كُنْتُ أُصَلِّي فَدَعَانِي النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَلَمْ أُجِبْهُ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنِّي كُنْتُ أُصَلِّي‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ أَلَمْ يَقُلِ اللَّهُ ‏{‏اسْتَجِيبُوا لِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُمْ‏}‏ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَلاَ أُعَلِّمُكَ أَعْظَمَ سُورَةٍ فِي الْقُرْآنِ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَخْرُجَ مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ ‏”‏‏.‏ فَأَخَذَ بِيَدِي فَلَمَّا أَرَدْنَا أَنْ نَخْرُجَ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّكَ قُلْتَ لأُعَلِّمَنَّكَ أَعْظَمَ سُورَةٍ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏‏{‏الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ‏}‏ هِيَ السَّبْعُ الْمَثَانِي وَالْقُرْآنُ الْعَظِيمُ الَّذِي أُوتِيتُهُ ‏”‏‏.

– Narrated by Abû Sa’îd Al-Mu’allâ :While I was praying, the Prophet (ﷺ) called me but I did not respond to his call. Later I said, “O Allâh’s Messenger! I was praying.” He said, “Didn’t Allâh say: ‘O you who believe! Give your response to Allâh (by obeying Him) and to His Messenger when he calls you’?” (8.24) He then said, “Shall I not teach you the greatest Sûrah in the Qur’ân?” He said, ‘(It is), ‘Praise be to Allâh, the Lord of the worlds. ‘ (i.e., Sûrah Al-Fâtihah) which consists of seven repeatedly recited Verses and the Magnificent Qur’ân which was given to me.” (Sahîh Bukhârî 5006)

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ بَيْنَمَا جِبْرِيلُ قَاعِدٌ عِنْدَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم سَمِعَ نَقِيضًا مِنْ فَوْقِهِ فَرَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ فَقَالَ هَذَا بَابٌ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ فُتِحَ الْيَوْمَ لَمْ يُفْتَحْ قَطُّ إِلاَّ الْيَوْمَ فَنَزَلَ مِنْهُ مَلَكٌ فَقَالَ هَذَا مَلَكٌ نَزَلَ إِلَى الأَرْضِ لَمْ يَنْزِلْ قَطُّ إِلاَّ الْيَوْمَ فَسَلَّمَ وَقَالَ أَبْشِرْ بِنُورَيْنِ أُوتِيتَهُمَا لَمْ يُؤْتَهُمَا نَبِيٌّ قَبْلَكَ فَاتِحَةُ الْكِتَابِ وَخَوَاتِيمُ سُورَةِ الْبَقَرَةِ لَنْ تَقْرَأَ بِحَرْفٍ مِنْهُمَا إِلاَّ أُعْطِيتَ

– Ibn ‘Abbâs narrated that while Jibrîl was sitting with the Prophet (ﷺ) he heard a creaking sound above him. He lifted his head and said: This is a gate opened in heaven today which had never been opened before. Then when an angel descended through it, he said: This is an angel who came down to the earth who had never come down before. He greeted and said: Rejoice in two lights given to you which have not been given to any prophet before you: Fâtihah Al-Kitâb and the concluding verses of Sûrah al-Baqarah. You will never recite a letter from them for which you will not be given (the blessings they contain). (Sahîh Muslim 806)

وعن أنس رضى الله عنه قال: قال فالتفت النَّبيُّ صلَّى اللهُ عليه وسلَّم فقال ألا أخبِرُك بأفضلِ القرآنِ قال بلى فتلا { الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ}

– Anas narrated that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: Should I not inform you of the most noble and excellent part of the Qur’ân? He then recited : ‘All Praise and Thanks are due to Allâh, Lord of the ‘Âlamîn.’ (An-Nasâ’i, Al-Kubrâ 8011. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

The Importance of Prayer (Salâh)

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Guard strictly (five obligatory) As-Salawât (the prayers) especially the middle Salâh (i.e. the best prayer – ‘Asr). And stand before Allâh with obedience [Surah Al-Baqarah 2:238].
  • The 5 daily prayers were made obligatory during the Prophets Miraculous Night Journey (Al-Isrâ wa Al-Mi’râj)

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

فَأَوْحَى اللَّهُ إِلَىَّ مَا أَوْحَى فَفَرَضَ عَلَىَّ خَمْسِينَ صَلاَةً فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ وَلَيْلَةٍ فَنَزَلْتُ إِلَى مُوسَى صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ مَا فَرَضَ رَبُّكَ عَلَى أُمَّتِكَ قُلْتُ خَمْسِينَ صَلاَةً قَالَ ارْجِعْ إِلَى رَبِّكَ فَاسْأَلْهُ التَّخْفِيفَ فَإِنَّ أُمَّتَكَ لاَ يُطِيقُونَ ذَلِكَ فَإِنِّي قَدْ بَلَوْتُ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَخَبَرْتُهُمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَى رَبِّي فَقُلْتُ يَا رَبِّ خَفِّفْ عَلَى أُمَّتِي ‏.‏ فَحَطَّ عَنِّي خَمْسًا فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَى مُوسَى فَقُلْتُ حَطَّ عَنِّي خَمْسًا ‏.‏ قَالَ إِنَّ أُمَّتَكَ لاَ يُطِيقُونَ ذَلِكَ فَارْجِعْ إِلَى رَبِّكَ فَاسْأَلْهُ التَّخْفِيفَ ‏.‏ – قَالَ – فَلَمْ أَزَلْ أَرْجِعُ بَيْنَ رَبِّي تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى وَبَيْنَ مُوسَى – عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ – حَتَّى قَالَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ إِنَّهُنَّ خَمْسُ صَلَوَاتٍ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ وَلَيْلَةٍ لِكُلِّ صَلاَةٍ عَشْرٌ فَذَلِكَ خَمْسُونَ صَلاَةً

Then Allâh revealed to me a revelation and He made obligatory for me fifty prayers every day and night. Then I went down to Mûsâ (peace be upon him) and he said: What has your Lord enjoined upon your Ummah? I said: Fifty prayers. He said: Return to Your Lord and beg for reduction (in the number of prayers), for your community shall not be able to bear this burden. as I have put to test the children of Isra’îl and tried them (and found them too weak to bear such a heavy burden). He (the Prophet) said: I went back to my Lord and said: My Lord, make things lighter for my Ummah. (The Lord) reduced five prayers for me. I went down to Musa and said. (The Lord) reduced five (prayers) for me, He said: Verily your Ummah shall not be able to bear this burden; return to Your Lord and ask Him to make things lighter. I then kept going back and forth between my Lord Blessed and Exalted and Mûsâ, till He said: There are five prayers every day and night. (Sahîh Muslim 162)

  • The first thing that one will be reckoned with on The Day of Judgement is Salâh

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

إِنَّ أَوَّلَ مَا يُحَاسَبُ بِهِ الْعَبْدُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مِنْ عَمَلِهِ صَلاَتُهُ فَإِنْ صَلُحَتْ فَقَدْ أَفْلَحَ وَأَنْجَحَ وَإِنْ فَسَدَتْ فَقَدْ خَابَ وَخَسِرَ فَإِنِ انْتَقَصَ مِنْ فَرِيضَتِهِ شَيْءٌ قَالَ الرَّبُّ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ انْظُرُوا هَلْ لِعَبْدِي مِنْ تَطَوُّعٍ فَيُكَمَّلَ بِهَا مَا انْتَقَصَ مِنَ الْفَرِيضَةِ ثُمَّ يَكُونُ سَائِرُ عَمَلِهِ عَلَى ذَلِكَ

Indeed the first deed by which a servant will be called to account on the Day of Resurrection is his Salâh. If it is sound, he is successful and saved, but if it is defective, he has failed and lost. So if something is deficient in his obligatory (prayers) then the Lord, Mighty and Sublime says: ‘Look! Are there any voluntary (prayers) for my worshipper?’ So with them, what was deficient in his obligatory (prayers) will be completed. Then the rest of his deeds will be treated like that. (At-Tirmidhî 413. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

  • The Salâh is from the best of deeds

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ مِنْ أَفْضَلِ أَعْمَالِكُمُ الصَّلاَةَ

Know that among the best of your deeds is Salâh. (Ibn Mâjah 278. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

  • The Salâh expiates (minor) sins

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

الصَّلَوَاتُ الْخَمْسُ وَالْجُمُعَةُ إِلَى الْجُمُعَةِ وَرَمَضَانُ إِلَى رَمَضَانَ مُكَفِّرَاتٌ مَا بَيْنَهُنَّ إِذَا اجْتَنَبَ الْكَبَائِرَ ‏

The five (daily) prayers and from one Friday prayer to the (next) Friday prayer, and from Ramadân to Ramadân are expiations for the (sins) committed in between (their intervals) provided one shuns the major sins. (Sahîh Muslim 233)

He صلى الله عليه وسلم also said:

أَرَأَيْتُمْ لَوْ أَنَّ نَهَرًا بِبَابِ أَحَدِكُمْ، يَغْتَسِلُ فِيهِ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ خَمْسًا، مَا تَقُولُ ذَلِكَ يُبْقِي مِنْ دَرَنِهِ ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالُوا لاَ يُبْقِي مِنْ دَرَنِهِ شَيْئًا‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ فَذَلِكَ مِثْلُ الصَّلَوَاتِ الْخَمْسِ، يَمْحُو اللَّهُ بِهَا الْخَطَايَا

If there was a river at the door of anyone of you and he took a bath in it five times a day would you notice any dirt on him?” They said, “Not a trace of dirt would be left.” The Prophet (ﷺ) added, “That is the example of the five prayers with which Allâh blots out (annuls) evil deeds. (Sahîh Bukhârî 528)

  • Sins fall away during bowing & prostrating

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

إِنَّ الْعَبْدَ إِذَا قَامَ يُصَلِّي أُتِيَ بِذُنُوبِهِ فَوَضَعَتْ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ أَوْ عَاتِقِهِ فَكُلَّمَا رَكَعَ أَوْ سَجَدَ تَسَاقَطَتْ عَنْهُ

Verily, when a servant stands to pray, his sins are placed on top of his head and shoulders. Every time he bows or prostrates, they fall away from him. (Ibn Hibbân 1734. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî, Sahîh Al-Jâmi’ 1671)

  • For every prostration, Allâh erases 1 sin, records 1 good deed & raises him by 1 degree (in status)

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

مَا مِنْ عَبْدٍ يَسْجُدُ لِلَّهِ سَجْدَةً إِلاَّ كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَهُ بِهَا حَسَنَةً وَمَحَا عَنْهُ بِهَا سَيِّئَةً وَرَفَعَ لَهُ بِهَا دَرَجَةً فَاسْتَكْثِرُوا مِنَ السُّجُودِ

No one prostrates to Allâh but Allâh will record one Hasanah (good reward) for him, and will erase thereby one bad deed and raise him in status one degree. So prostrate a great deal. (Ibn Mâjah 1424. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

  • They (Salâh al-Fajr & al-‘Asr) are a means to entering Paradise & a means of avoiding the Hellfire

He صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

مَنْ صَلَّى الْبَرْدَيْنِ دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ

Whoever prays the two cool prayers (`Asr and Fajr) will go to Paradise. (Sahîh Bukhârî 574)

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

لَنْ يَلِجَ النَّارَ أَحَدٌ صَلَّى قَبْلَ طُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ وَقَبْلَ غُرُوبِهَا

He who observes prayer before the rising of the sun and its setting, i.e. the dawn prayer and the afternoon prayer, would not enter the (Hell) fire. (Sahîh Muslim 634)

  • Hellfire is forbidden from touching the marks of prostration

The prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

أَمَرَ الْمَلاَئِكَةَ أَنْ يُخْرِجُوا مِنَ النَّارِ مَنْ كَانَ لاَ يُشْرِكُ بِاللَّهِ شَيْئًا، مِمَّنْ أَرَادَ اللَّهُ أَنْ يَرْحَمَهُ مِمَّنْ يَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ، فَيَعْرِفُونَهُمْ فِي النَّارِ بِأَثَرِ السُّجُودِ، تَأْكُلُ النَّارُ ابْنَ آدَمَ إِلاَّ أَثَرَ السُّجُودِ، حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ عَلَى النَّارِ أَنْ تَأْكُلَ أَثَرَ السُّجُودِ

He (Allâh) will then order the angels to take out of the Fire all those who used to worship none but Allâh from among those whom Allâh wanted to be merciful to and those who testified (in the world) that none has the right to be worshipped but Allâh. The angels will recognise them in the Fire by the marks of prostration, for the Fire will eat up all the human body except the marks of prostration as Allâh has forbidden the Fire to eat the marks of prostration. (Sahîh Bukhârî 7437)

  • Not performing Salah is a major sin & an act of disbelief (kufr)

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

الْعَهْدُ الَّذِي بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَهُمُ الصَّلاَةُ فَمَنْ تَرَكَهَا فَقَدْ كَفَرَ

The covenant that distinguishes between us and them is prayer; so whoever leaves it, he has committed disbelief (Kufr). (At-Tirmidhî 1079. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

He صلى الله عليه وسلم also said:

بَيْن الرَّجل وَبَيْن الشِّرْكِ وَالكُفر ترْكُ الصَّلاةِ

Between a man and shirk and kufr there stands his neglect of the prayer. (Sahîh Muslim 82)

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ شَقِيقٍ الْعُقَيْلِيِّ، قَالَ كَانَ أَصْحَابُ مُحَمَّدٍ صلى الله عليه وسلم لاَ يَرَوْنَ شَيْئًا مِنَ الأَعْمَالِ تَرْكُهُ كُفْرٌ غَيْرَ الصَّلاَةِ

Narrated by ‘Abdullâh ibn Shaqîq Al-‘Uqayli:The Companions of Muhammad (ﷺ) didn’t consider leaving anything to be disblief except for the Salah. (At-Tirmidhî 2622. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

  • The dangers of missing Salâh al-‘Asr

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

Whoever misses the `Asr prayer then it is as if he lost his family and property. (Sahîh Bukhârî 552)

He صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

مَنْ تَرَكَ صَلاَةَ الْعَصْرِ فَقَدْ حَبِطَ عَمَلُهُ

Whoever leaves the ‘Asr prayer, all his (good) deeds will be nullified. (Sahîh Bukhârî 553)

Eating Meat Is From The Sunnah

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Indeed in the Messenger of Allâh you have a good example to follow for him who hopes in (the Meeting with) Allâh and the Last Day and remembers Allâh much (Al-Ahzâb 33:21)
  • Allâh has permitted that which is Halâl [lawful] & Tayyib [pure]

﴿يـأَيُّهَا النَّاسُ كُلُواْ مِمَّا فِى الاٌّرْضِ حَلَـلاً طَيِّباً وَلاَ تَتَّبِعُواْ خُطُوَتِ الشَّيْطَـنِ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ ﴾

O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and good on the earth, and follow not the footsteps of Shaytân (Satan). Verily, he is to you an open enemy. (Al-Baqarah 2:168)

Ibn Kathîr says: He (Allâh) has allowed them to eat any of the pure lawful things on the earth that do not cause harm to the body or the mind. (Tafsîr Ibn Kathîr 2:168)

﴿فَكُلُواْ مِمَّا ذُكِرَ اسْمُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ إِن كُنتُم بِآيَـتِهِ مُؤْمِنِينَ ﴾

So eat of that on which Allâh’s Name has been mentioned, if you are believers in His Ayât. (Al-An’âm 6:118)

Ibn Kathîr says: This is a statement of permission from Allâh, for His servants, allowing them to eat the slaughtered animals werein His Name was mentioned when slaughtering them. (Tafsîr Ibn Kathîr 6:118)

  • It is prohibited to make unlawful that which Allâh has made lawful

﴿يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لاَ تُحَرِّمُواْ طَيِّبَـتِ مَآ أَحَلَّ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَلاَ تَعْتَدُواْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ – وَكُلُواْ مِمَّا رَزَقَكُمُ اللَّهُ حَلَـلاً طَيِّباً وَاتَّقُواْ اللَّهَ الَّذِى أَنتُم بِهِ مُؤْمِنُونَ ﴾

O you who believe! Make not unlawful the Tayyibat (all that is good as regards foods, things, deeds, beliefs, persons, etc.) which Allâh has made lawful to you, and transgress not. Verily, Allâh does not like the transgressors. And eat of the things which Allâh has provided for you, lawful and good, and fear Allâh in Whom you believe. (Al-Mâ’idah 5:87-88)

Ibn Kathîr says: ‘Alî ibn Abû Talhah said that Ibn ‘Abbâs said, “This Âyah ﴿5:87﴾ was revealed about some of the Companions of the Prophet who said,’We should cut off our male organs, abandon the desires of this life and travel in the land, just as the Ruhban (monks) do.’ When the Prophet heard of this statement, he summoned them and asked them if they made this statement and they answered `Yes.’ The Prophet said,

«لكِنِّي أَصُومُ وَأُفْطِرُ، وَأُصَلِّي، وَأَنَامُ، وَأَنْكِحُ النِّسَاءَ، فَمَنْ أَخَذَ بِسُنَّتِي فَهُوَ مِنِّي، وَمَنْ لَمْ يَأْخُذْ بِسُنَّتِي فَلَيْسَ مِنِّي»

(I fast and break my fast, pray and sleep, and marry women. Whoever follows my Sunnah is of me, and whoever abandons my Sunnah is not of me.)” (Ibn Abî Hâtim)

In another narration [Minhâj As-Sunnah of Ibn Taymiyyah 4/29 |Sahîh Bukhârî 5063 | Sahîh Muslim 1401]

‘Â’ishah said that some of the Companions asked the wives of the Prophet about the acts of worship that he performed in private. One of them said, “I will not eat meat,” another said, “I will not marry women,” while the third said, “I will not sleep on the bed.” When the Prophet heard this statement, he said,

«مَا بَالُ أَقْوَامٍ يَقُولُ أَحَدُهُمْ كَذَا وَكَذَا، لكِنِّي أَصُومُ وَأُفْطِرُ، وَأَنَامُ وَأَقُومُ، وَآكُلُ اللَّحْمَ، وَأَتَزَوَّجُ النِّسَاءَ، فَمَنْ رَغِبَ عَنْ سُنَّتِي فَلَيْسَ مِنِّي»

(What is the matter with some people who said such and such. I fast and break the fast, sleep and wake to stand and pray, eat meat, and marry women. He who is not pleased with my Sunnah is not of me.)

(Tafsîr Ibn Kathir 5:87-88)

  • Meat is from the foods of Paradise

﴿وَأَمْدَدْنَـهُم بِفَـكِهَةٍ وَلَحْمٍ مِّمَّا يَشْتَهُونَ ﴾

And We shall provide them with fruit and meat, such as they desire. (At-Tûr 52:22)

  • It is from the Sunnah to eat meat

We mentioned above that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said : وَآكُلُ اللَّحْمَ، فَمَنْ رَغِبَ عَنْ سُنَّتِي فَلَيْسَ مِنِّي

“I eat meat, He who is not pleased with my Sunnah is not from me.” [The wording collected by Ibn Taymiyyah in Minhâj As-Sunnah]

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ انْتَشَلَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَرْقًا مِنْ قِدْرٍ فَأَكَلَ، ثُمَّ صَلَّى، وَلَمْ يَتَوَضَّأْ‏

Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbâs: The Prophet (ﷺ) took out a bone with meat on it from a cooking pot and ate of it, and then offered the prayer without performing ablution anew. (Sahîh Bukhârî 5405)

  • Some of the types of meat that the Prophet ate

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ السَّلَمِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ كُنْتُ يَوْمًا جَالِسًا مَعَ رِجَالٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي مَنْزِلٍ فِي طَرِيقِ مَكَّةَ، وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَازِلٌ أَمَامَنَا، وَالْقَوْمُ مُحْرِمُونَ وَأَنَا غَيْرُ مُحْرِمٍ، فَأَبْصَرُوا حِمَارًا وَحْشِيًّا وَأَنَا مَشْغُولٌ أَخْصِفُ نَعْلِي، فَلَمْ يُؤْذِنُونِي لَهُ، وَأَحَبُّوا لَوْ أَنِّي أَبْصَرْتُهُ، فَالْتَفَتُّ فَأَبْصَرْتُهُ فَقُمْتُ إِلَى الْفَرَسِ فَأَسْرَجْتُهُ‏.‏ ثُمَّ رَكِبْتُ وَنَسِيتُ السَّوْطَ وَالرُّمْحَ فَقُلْتُ لَهُمْ نَاوِلُونِي السَّوْطَ وَالرُّمْحَ‏.‏ فَقَالُوا لاَ وَاللَّهِ لاَ نُعِينُكَ عَلَيْهِ بِشَىْءٍ‏.‏ فَغَضِبْتُ فَنَزَلْتُ فَأَخَذْتُهُمَا، ثُمَّ رَكِبْتُ فَشَدَدْتُ عَلَى الْحِمَارِ فَعَقَرْتُهُ، ثُمَّ جِئْتُ بِهِ وَقَدْ مَاتَ فَوَقَعُوا فِيهِ يَأْكُلُونَهُ، ثُمَّ إِنَّهُمْ شَكُّوا فِي أَكْلِهِمْ إِيَّاهُ وَهُمْ حُرُمٌ، فَرُحْنَا وَخَبَأْتُ الْعَضُدَ مَعِي، فَأَدْرَكْنَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَسَأَلْنَاهُ عَنْ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ ‏ “‏ مَعَكُمْ مِنْهُ شَىْءٌ ‏”‏‏.‏ فَنَاوَلْتُهُ الْعَضُدَ فَأَكَلَهَا حَتَّى تَعَرَّقَهَا، وَهْوَ مُحْرِمٌ‏.‏ قَالَ ابْنُ جَعْفَرٍ وَحَدَّثَنِي زَيْدُ بْنُ أَسْلَمَ عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ مِثْلَهُ

Narrated by Abû Qatâdah: Once, while I was sitting with the companions of the Prophet (ﷺ) at a station on the road to Mecca and Allâh’s Messenger (ﷺ) was stationing ahead of us and all the people were assuming Ihram while I was not. My companion, saw an onager while I was busy Mending my shoes. They did not Inform me of the onager but they wished that I would see it Suddenly I looked and saw the onager Then I headed towards my horse, saddled it and rode, but I forgot to take the lash and the spear. So I said to them my companions), “Give me the lash and the spear.” But they said, “No, by Allâh we will not help you in any way to hunt it ‘ I got angry, dismounted, took it the spear and the lash), rode (the horse chased the onager and wounded it Then I brought it when it had dyed. My companions started eating of its (cooked) meat, but they suspected that it might be unlawful to eat of its meat while they were in a state of Ihram Then I proceeded further and I kept one of its forelegs with me. When we met Allâh’s Prophet we asked him about that. He said, “Have you some of its meat with you?” I gave him that foreleg and he ate the meat till he stripped the bone of its flesh although he was in a state of Ihram. (Sahîh Bukhârî 5407)

عَمْرَو بْنَ أُمَيَّةَ أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّهُ، رَأَى النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَحْتَزُّ مِنْ كَتِفِ شَاةٍ فِي يَدِهِ، فَدُعِيَ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ فَأَلْقَاهَا وَالسِّكِّينَ الَّتِي يَحْتَزُّ بِهَا، ثُمَّ قَامَ فَصَلَّى، وَلَمْ يَتَوَضَّأْ‏.‏

Narrated ‘Amr bin Umaiyyah: that he saw the Prophet (ﷺ) holding a shoulder piece of mutton in his hand and cutting part of it with a knife. Then he was called for the prayer whereupon he put down the shoulder piece and the knife with which he was cutting it, and then stood for prayer without performing ablution again. (Sahîh Bukhârî 5408)

عَنْ أَنَسٍ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أُتِيَ بِمَرَقَةٍ فِيهَا دُبَّاءٌ وَقَدِيدٌ، فَرَأَيْتُهُ يَتَتَبَّعُ الدُّبَّاءَ يَأْكُلُهَا

Narrated Anas: I saw the Prophet (ﷺ) being served with soup and containing gourd and cured meat, and I saw him picking and eating the pieces of gourd. (Sahîh Bukhârî 5437)

عَنْ أَنَسٍ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ فَضْلُ عَائِشَةَ عَلَى النِّسَاءِ كَفَضْلِ الثَّرِيدِ عَلَى سَائِرِ الطَّعَامِ

Narrated by Anas: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “The superiority of ‘Â’ishah to other women is like the superiority of Tharîd [a dish prepared from meat and bread] to other kinds of food . ” (Sahîh Bukhârî 5418)

أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَنَسَ بْنَ مَالِكٍ، يَقُولُ إِنَّ خَيَّاطًا دَعَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لِطَعَامٍ صَنَعَهُ – قَالَ أَنَسٌ – فَذَهَبْتُ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِلَى ذَلِكَ الطَّعَامِ فَقَرَّبَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم خُبْزًا مِنْ شَعِيرٍ وَمَرَقًا فِيهِ دُبَّاءٌ وَقَدِيدٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَنَسٌ فَرَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَتَتَبَّعُ الدُّبَّاءَ مِنْ حَوَالَىِ الصَّحْفَةِ فَلَمْ أَزَلْ أُحِبُّ الدُّبَّاءَ بَعْدَ يَوْمِئِذٍ

Anas ibn Mâlik said:A tailor invited the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) to a meal which he had prepared. Anas said: I went along with the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) barley bread and soup containing pumpkin and dried sliced meat. Anas said: I saw the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) going after the pumpkin round the dish, so I have always liked pumpkins since that day. (Abû Dawûd 3782. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

The Etiquette of Using The Bathroom

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ مَرَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ بِقَبْرَيْنِ جَدِيدَيْنِ فَقَالَ ‏ “‏ إِنَّهُمَا لَيُعَذَّبَانِ وَمَا يُعَذَّبَانِ فِي كَبِيرٍ أَمَّا أَحَدُهُمَا فَكَانَ لاَ يَسْتَنْزِهُ مِنْ بَوْلِهِ وَأَمَّا الآخَرُ فَكَانَ يَمْشِي بِالنَّمِيمَةِ ‏”‏

Ibn ‘Abbâs said:”The Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ)passed by two new graves, and he said: ‘They are being punished, but they are not being punished for anything major. One of them was heedless about preventing urine from getting on his clothes, and the other used to walk about spreading malicious gossip.'” (Ibn Mâjah 347. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ “‏ أَكْثَرُ عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ مِنَ الْبَوْلِ ‏”‏ ‏.

Abû Hurairah said:”The Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) said: ‘Most of the torment of the grave is because of urine.'” (Ibn Mâjah 348. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

1) The prohibition of relieving oneself in certain places

عَنْ مُعَاذِ بْنِ جَبَلٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ اتَّقُوا الْمَلاَعِنَ الثَّلاَثَ الْبَرَازَ فِي الْمَوَارِدِ وَقَارِعَةِ الطَّرِيقِ وَالظِّلِّ ‏”‏

Narrated by Mu’âdh ibn Jabal: The Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) said: Stay away from three things which provoke cursing: relieving [oneself] in the watering places and on the middle of the road, and in the shade [which people sit under i.e for protection from the suns heat]. (Abû Dawûd 26. Declared Hasan by Al-Albânî)

عَنْ جَابِرٍ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ نَهَى عَنِ الْبَوْلِ فِي الْمَاءِ الرَّاكِدِ

Jâbir narrated that the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) forbade urinating into stagnant water. (An-Nasâ’i 35. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

2) The prohibition of facing the Qiblah or turning ones back to it [except when one is screened by a building or a wall or something like that]

عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الأَنْصَارِيِّ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ إِذَا أَتَى أَحَدُكُمُ الْغَائِطَ فَلاَ يَسْتَقْبِلِ الْقِبْلَةَ وَلاَ يُوَلِّهَا ظَهْرَهُ، شَرِّقُوا أَوْ غَرِّبُوا ‏”

Abû Ayyûb Al-Ansârî narrated: Allâh’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “If anyone of you goes to an open space for answering the call of nature he should neither face nor turn his back towards the Qiblah; he should either face the east or the west.” (Sahîh Bukhârî 144)

3) One should conceal himself

عَنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ بْنِ شُعْبَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ إِذَا ذَهَبَ الْمَذْهَبَ أَبْعَدَ

Mughîrah ibn Shu’bah narrated: When the Prophet (ﷺ) went (outside) to relieve himself, he went to a far-off place [so that no one could see him]. (Abû Dawûd 1. Declared Hasan Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

4) One should say Bismillah followed by the legislated Du’â (supplication) when entering the bathroom

عَنْ عَلِيٍّ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ “‏ سِتْرُ مَا بَيْنَ الْجِنِّ وَعَوْرَاتِ بَنِي آدَمَ إِذَا دَخَلَ الْكَنِيفَ أَنْ يَقُولَ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ

‘Alî narrated:”The Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) said: ‘The screen between the Jinn and the nakedness of the sons of Âdam is that when a person enters the Kanîf [a place where people relieve themselves] , he should say: Bismillah (in the name of Allâh).'” (Ibn Mâjah 297. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ بْنِ صُهَيْبٍ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَنَسًا، يَقُولُ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا دَخَلَ الْخَلاَءَ قَالَ ‏ “‏ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الْخُبُثِ وَالْخَبَائِثِ ‏”‏‏

Anas narrated: Whenever the Prophet (ﷺ) went to answer the call of nature, he used to say, “Allah-humma inni a’ûdhu bika minal khubuthi wal khabâ’ith [O Allâh, I take refuge with You from all evil and evil-doers / all male and female devils]. ” (Sahîh Bukhârî 142)

5) It is better & recommended to sit when passing urine

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ مَنْ حَدَّثَكُمْ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بَالَ قَائِمًا فَلاَ تُصَدِّقُوهُ مَا كَانَ يَبُولُ إِلاَّ جَالِسًا

‘Âishah narrated :”Whoever tells you that the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) urinated standing up, do not believe him, for he would not urinate except while squatting.” (An-Nasâ’i 29. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

6) One should use ones left hand to clean oneself & it is prohibited to use ones right hand

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ لاَ يُمْسِكَنَّ أَحَدُكُمْ ذَكَرَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ وَهُوَ يَبُولُ وَلاَ يَتَمَسَّحْ مِنَ الْخَلاَءِ بِيَمِينِهِ… ‏”‏

Abû Qatâdah reported it from his father: The Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) said: None of you should touch his private part with his right hand while urinating, nor wipe himself with his right hand after relieving himself… (Sahîh Muslim 267)

7) One should perform Al-Istinjâ (clean oneself with water) and/or Al-Istijmâr (clean oneself with stones or its substitutes)

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ اتَّبَعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَخَرَجَ لِحَاجَتِهِ، فَكَانَ لاَ يَلْتَفِتُ فَدَنَوْتُ مِنْهُ فَقَالَ ‏ “‏ ابْغِنِي أَحْجَارًا أَسْتَنْفِضْ بِهَا…

Narrated Abû Hurairah : I followed the Prophet (ﷺ) while he was going out to answer the call of nature. He used not to look this way or that. So, when I approached near him he said to me, “Fetch for me some stones for ‘ cleaning the privates parts… (Sahîh Bukhârî 155)

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏”‏ نَزَلَتْ هَذِهِ الآيَةُ فِي أَهْلِ قُبَاءَ ‏{‏ فِيهِ رِجَالٌ يُحِبُّونَ أَنْ يَتَطَهَّرُوا ‏}‏ قَالَ كَانُوا يَسْتَنْجُونَ بِالْمَاءِ فَنَزَلَتْ فِيهِمْ هَذِهِ الآيَةُ

Narrated by Abû Hurayrah: The Prophet (ﷺ) said: The following verse was revealed in connection with the people of Quba’: “In it are men who love to purify themselves” (9:108). He said: They used to cleanse themselves with water after relieving themselves. So the verse was revealed in connection with them. (Sunan Abû Dawûd 44. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

8) It is forbidden to perform Al-Istinjâ or Al-Istijmâr using bones and manure

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ اتَّبَعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَخَرَجَ لِحَاجَتِهِ، فَكَانَ لاَ يَلْتَفِتُ فَدَنَوْتُ مِنْهُ فَقَالَ ‏ “‏ ابْغِنِي أَحْجَارًا أَسْتَنْفِضْ بِهَا ـ أَوْ نَحْوَهُ ـ وَلاَ تَأْتِنِي بِعَظْمٍ وَلاَ رَوْثٍ ‏”

Narrated by Abû Hurairah: I followed the Prophet (ﷺ) while he was going out to answer the call of nature. He used not to look this way or that. So, when I approached near him he said to me, “Fetch for me some stones for ‘ cleaning the privates parts (or said something similar), and do not bring a bone or a piece of manure.” (Sahîh Bukhârî 155)

In another narration, Abû Hurayrah continues:

ابْغِنِي أَحْجَارًا أَسْتَنْفِضْ بِهَا، وَلاَ تَأْتِنِي بِعَظْمٍ وَلاَ بِرَوْثَةٍ ‏”‏‏.‏ فَأَتَيْتُهُ بِأَحْجَارٍ أَحْمِلُهَا فِي طَرَفِ ثَوْبِي حَتَّى وَضَعْتُ إِلَى جَنْبِهِ ثُمَّ انْصَرَفْتُ، حَتَّى إِذَا فَرَغَ مَشَيْتُ، فَقُلْتُ مَا بَالُ الْعَظْمِ وَالرَّوْثَةِ قَالَ ‏”‏ هُمَا مِنْ طَعَامِ الْجِنِّ، وَإِنَّهُ أَتَانِي وَفْدُ جِنِّ نَصِيبِينَ وَنِعْمَ الْجِنُّ، فَسَأَلُونِي الزَّادَ، فَدَعَوْتُ اللَّهَ لَهُمْ أَنْ لاَ يَمُرُّوا بِعَظْمٍ وَلاَ بِرَوْثَةٍ إِلاَّ وَجَدُوا عَلَيْهَا طَعَامًا ‏”‏‏.‏

So I brought some stones, carrying them in the corner of my robe till I put them by his side and went away. When he finished, I walked with him and asked, “What about the bone and the manure?” He said, “They are the food of Jinns. The delegate of Jinns of (the city of) Nasîbîn came to me–and how nice those Jinns were–and asked me for the remains of the human food. I invoked Allâh for them that they would never pass by a bone or manure but find food on them.” (Sahîh Bukhârî 3860)

9) One should perform Al-Istinjâ and Al-Istijmâr an odd number of times

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، يَبْلُغُ بِهِ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ إِذَا اسْتَجْمَرَ أَحَدُكُمْ فَلْيَسْتَجْمِرْ وِتْرًا…

Abû Hurairah reported Allâh’s Prophet (ﷺ) as saying: When anyone performs Al-Istijmâr, then let him perform it an odd number of times… (Sahîh Muslim 237)

عَنْ سَلْمَانَ، قَالَ قَالَ لَنَا الْمُشْرِكُونَ إِنِّي أَرَى صَاحِبَكُمْ يُعَلِّمُكُمْ حَتَّى يُعَلِّمَكُمُ الْخِرَاءَةَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَجَلْ إِنَّهُ نَهَانَا أَنْ يَسْتَنْجِيَ أَحَدُنَا بِيَمِينِهِ أَوْ يَسْتَقْبِلَ الْقِبْلَةَ وَنَهَى عَنِ الرَّوْثِ وَالْعِظَامِ وَقَالَ ‏ “‏ لاَ يَسْتَنْجِي أَحَدُكُمْ بِدُونِ ثَلاَثَةِ أَحْجَارٍ ‏”

Salmân said that (one among) the polytheists remarked :I see that your friend [Prophet Muhammad] even teaches you about the excrement. He replied; Yes, he has in fact forbidden us that anyone amongst us should cleanse himself with his right hand, or face the Qiblah. He has forbidden the use of manure or bone for it, and he has also instructed us not to use less than three pebbles (for this purpose). (Sahîh Muslim 262)

10) One should not speak whilst he is in the bathroom

عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، مَرَّ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ وَهُوَ يَبُولُ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ “‏ إِذَا رَأَيْتَنِي عَلَى مِثْلِ هَذِهِ الْحَالَةِ فَلاَ تُسَلِّمْ عَلَىَّ فَإِنَّكَ إِنْ فَعَلْتَ ذَلِكَ لَمْ أَرُدَّ عَلَيْكَ ‏”‏

Narrated by Jâbir ibn ‘Abdullâh that:”A man passed by the Prophet while he was urinating, and greeted him by the Salam. The Messenger of Allâh said to him: “If you see me in this situation, do not greet me with the Salam, for if you do that I will not respond to you.'” (Ibn Mâjah 380. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

11) One should say the legislated Du’â when exiting the bathroom

حَدَّثَتْنِي عَائِشَةُ، رضى الله عنها أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ إِذَا خَرَجَ مِنَ الْغَائِطِ قَالَ ‏ “‏ غُفْرَانَكَ ‏”‏

‘Âishah narrated: When the Prophet (ﷺ) came out of the privy, he used to say: Ghufrânak “I ask You (Allâh) for forgivness.” (Abû Dawûd 30. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

The Virtue of Being Pleased With Allâh as (ones) Lord, Islâm as (ones) Religion & Muhammad as (ones) Prophet

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

1) Guaranteed paradise

عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏”‏ يَا أَبَا سَعِيدٍ مَنْ رَضِيَ بِاللَّهِ رَبًّا وَبِالإِسْلاَمِ دِينًا وَبِمُحَمَّدٍ نَبِيًّا وَجَبَتْ لَهُ الْجَنَّةُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَعَجِبَ لَهَا أَبُو سَعِيدٍ قَالَ أَعِدْهَا عَلَىَّ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ فَفَعَلَ ثُمَّ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ وَأُخْرَى يُرْفَعُ بِهَا الْعَبْدُ مِائَةَ دَرَجَةٍ فِي الْجَنَّةِ مَا بَيْنَ كُلِّ دَرَجَتَيْنِ كَمَا بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالأَرْضِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَمَا هِيَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ ‏”‏ الْجِهَادُ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ الْجِهَادُ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ‏”

It was narrated from Abû Sa’îd Al-Khudrî that the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) said:”O Abû Sa’îd! Whoever is content with Allâh as Lord, Islâm as his religion and Muhammad as Prophet, then he is guaranteed Paradise.” Abu Sa’îd found this amazing and said: “Say it to me again, O Messenger of Allâh.” So he did that, then the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) said: “And there is something else by means of which a person may be raised one hundred degrees in Paradise, each of which is like that which is between the Heaven and the Earth.” He said: “What is it, O Messenger of Allâh?” He said: “Jihad in the cause of Allâh, Jihad in the cause of Allâh.”

(Sunan An-Nasâ’i 3131. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

2) Attaining the sweetness of Îmân (faith)

عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ “‏ ذَاقَ طَعْمَ الإِيمَانِ مَنْ رَضِيَ بِاللَّهِ رَبًّا وَبِالإِسْلاَمِ دِينًا وَبِمُحَمَّدٍ نَبِيًّا ‏”‏ ‏.

Narrated Al-Abbâs ibn Abdul-Muttalib:that he heard the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) say: “Whoever is pleased with Allâh as (his) Lord, and Islâm as (his) religion, and Muhammad as (his) Prophet, then he has tasted the sweetness of faith.”

(At-Tirmidhî 2623. Declared Sahîh by Shu’ayb Al-Arnaût & Ahmad Shâkir)

3) The prophet will take him by the hand until he will enter paradise

عن المنيذر صاحب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم- وكان يكون بإفريقية – قال سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: مَن قال إذا أصْبحَ : رَضِيتُ باللهِ ربًّا ، وبالإسلامِ دينًا ، وبِمحمدٍ نبيًا فأنا الزَّعيمُ ، لآخُذَنَّ بيدِه حتى أُدخِلَه الجنةَ

It was narrated from Al-Munaydhir – a companion of the Messenger, and he was in Africa- who said: I heard the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) say: Whoever says when the morning enters: radîtu Billahi rabban wa bil-islâmi dînan wa bi muhammadin nabiyyan (I am pleased with Allâh as my Lord, Islâm as my religion and Muhammad as my Prophet). Then I guarantee I will take him by the hand until he is entered into Paradise.

(Sahîh At-Targhîb 657. Declared Hasan by Al-Albânî)

4) Allâh will please him / (on the Day of Resurrection)

عن ثوبان قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم :ما مِن عبدٍ مسلمٍ يقولُ حينَ يُصْبِحُ وحينَ يُمْسي ثلاثَ مرَّاتٍ رضيتُ باللهِ ربًّا وبالإسلامِ دينًا وبمحمَّدٍ صلَّى اللهُ عليه وسلَّم نبيًّا إلَّا كان حقًّا على اللهِ أن يُرضِيَه يومَ القيامةِ

It was narrated from Thawbân that he said: The Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) said: No Muslim servant says thrice ever morning and evening: radîtu Billahi rabban wa bil-islâmi dînan wa bi muhammadin nabiyyan (I am pleased with Allâh as my Lord, Islâm as my religion and Muhammad as my Prophet), except that is is incumbent upon Allâh to please him on the Day of Resurrection.

(Majm’a Al-Zawâid 10/119. Majmu Al-Fatâwâ of Ibn Bâz 26/28. Imâm Ahmads Musnad 23111. Sunan Al-Kubra of An-Nasâ’i 9832. Declared Sahîh by Shu’ayb Al-Arnaût)

In another wording :

عن ثوبان قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : مَن قالَ حينَ يصبِحُ وحينَ يُمسي ثلاثَ مرَّاتٍ رضيتُ باللَّهِ ربًّا وبالإسلامِ دينًا وبمحمَّدٍ نبيًّا كانَ حقًّا على اللَّهِ أن يُرضِيَهُ

It was narrated from Thawbân that he said: The Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) said: Whoever says thrice ever morning and evening: radîtu Billahi rabban wa bil-islâmi dînan wa bi muhammadin nabiyyan (I am pleased with Allâh as my Lord, Islâm as my religion and Muhammad as my Prophet), except that is is incumbent upon Allâh to please him.

Declared Hasan by Ibn Hajr in Nata’ij Al-Afkâr 2/371.

5) Sins will be forgiven

عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ أَبِي وَقَّاصٍ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ أَنَّهُ قَالَ ‏ “‏ مَنْ قَالَ حِينَ يَسْمَعُ الْمُؤَذِّنَ وَأَنَا أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ رَضِيتُ بِاللَّهِ رَبًّا وَبِالإِسْلاَمِ دِينًا وَبِمُحَمَّدٍ نَبِيًّا غُفِرَ لَهُ ذَنْبُهُ ‏”

It was narrated from Sa’d ibn Abî Waqqâs that:The Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) said: “Whoever says, when he hears the Mu’adh-dhin, ‘Wa ana Ash-hadu an lâ ilâha illallâh wahdahu lâ sharîka lahu, wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasûluhu, radîtu Billahi rabban wa bil-islâmi dînan wa bi muhammadin nabiyyan (And I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allâh alone, with no partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger, and I am pleased with Allâh as my Lord, Islâm as my religion and Muhammad as my Prophet),’ his sins will be forgiven to him.

(Sunan Ibn Mâjah 721. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)