When Abdullâh Ibn Salâm – The Rabbi – Embraced Islâm

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

عَنْ أَنَسٍ، قَالَ سَمِعَ عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ سَلاَمٍ، بِقُدُومِ رَسُولِ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَهْوَ فِي أَرْضٍ يَخْتَرِفُ، فَأَتَى النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ إِنِّي سَائِلُكَ عَنْ ثَلاَثٍ لاَ يَعْلَمُهُنَّ إِلاَّ نَبِيٌّ فَمَا أَوَّلُ أَشْرَاطِ السَّاعَةِ وَمَا أَوَّلُ طَعَامِ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ وَمَا يَنْزِعُ الْوَلَدُ إِلَى أَبِيهِ أَوْ إِلَى أُمِّهِ قَالَ ‏”‏ أَخْبَرَنِي بِهِنَّ جِبْرِيلُ آنِفًا ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالَ جِبْرِيلُ قَالَ ‏”‏ نَعَمْ ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالَ ذَاكَ عَدُوُّ الْيَهُودِ مِنَ الْمَلاَئِكَةِ‏.‏ فَقَرَأَ هَذِهِ الآيَةَ ‏{‏مَنْ كَانَ عَدُوًّا لِجِبْرِيلَ فَإِنَّهُ نَزَّلَهُ عَلَى قَلْبِكَ‏}‏ أَمَّا أَوَّلُ أَشْرَاطِ السَّاعَةِ فَنَارٌ تَحْشُرُ النَّاسَ مِنَ الْمَشْرِقِ إِلَى الْمَغْرِبِ، وَأَمَّا أَوَّلُ طَعَامِ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ فَزِيَادَةُ كَبِدِ حُوتٍ، وَإِذَا سَبَقَ مَاءُ الرَّجُلِ مَاءَ الْمَرْأَةِ نَزَعَ الْوَلَدَ، وَإِذَا سَبَقَ مَاءُ الْمَرْأَةِ نَزَعَتْ ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ رَسُولُ اللهِ.‏ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِنَّ الْيَهُودَ قَوْمٌ بُهُتٌ، وَإِنَّهُمْ إِنْ يَعْلَمُوا بِإِسْلاَمِي قَبْلَ أَنْ تَسْأَلَهُمْ يَبْهَتُونِي‏.‏ فَجَاءَتِ الْيَهُودُ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ أَىُّ رَجُلٍ عَبْدُ اللهِ فِيكُمْ ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالُوا خَيْرُنَا وَابْنُ خَيْرِنَا، وَسَيِّدُنَا وَابْنُ سَيِّدِنَا‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ أَرَأَيْتُمْ إِنْ أَسْلَمَ عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ سَلاَمٍ ‏”‏‏.‏ فَقَالُوا أَعَاذَهُ اللَّهُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ‏.‏ فَخَرَجَ عَبْدُ اللهِ فَقَالَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللهَ، وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللهِ.‏ فَقَالُوا شَرُّنَا وَابْنُ شَرِّنَا‏.‏ وَانْتَقَصُوهُ‏.‏ قَالَ فَهَذَا الَّذِي كُنْتُ أَخَافُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ

Narrated by Anas:

‘Abdullâh bin Salâm heard the news of the arrival of Allâh’s Messenger (ﷺ) (at Medinah) while he was on a farm collecting its fruits. So he came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and said, “I will ask you about three things which nobody knows unless he be a prophet. Firstly, what is the first portent of the Hour? What is the first meal of the people of Paradise? And what makes a baby look like its father or mother?’. The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Just now Gabriel has informed me about that.” ‘Abdullâh said, “Gabriel?” The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Yes.” ‘Abdullâh said, “He, among the angels is the enemy of the Jews.” On that the Prophet (ﷺ) recited this Holy Verse:– “Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel (let him die in his fury!) for he has brought it (i.e. Qur’an) down to your heart by Allâh’s permission.” (2:97) Then he added, “As for the first portent of the Hour, it will be a fire that will collect the people from the East to West. And as for the first meal of the people of Paradise, it will be the caudite (i.e. extra) lobe of the fish liver. And if a man’s discharge proceeded that of the woman, then the child resembles the father, and if the woman’s discharge proceeded that of the man, then the child resembles the mother.” On hearing that, ‘Abdullâh said, “I testify that None has the right to be worshipped but Allâh, and that you are the Messenger of Allâh, O, Allâh’s Messenger (ﷺ); the Jews are liars, and if they should come to know that I have embraced Islâm, they would accuse me of being a liar.” In the meantime some Jews came (to the Prophet) and he asked them, “What is ‘Abdullâh’s status amongst you?” They replied, “He is the best amongst us, and he is our chief and the son of our chief.” The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “What would you think if ‘Abdullâh bin Salâm embraced Islâm?” They replied, “May Allâh protect him from this!” Then ‘Abdullâh came out and said, “I testify that None has the right to be worshipped but Allâh and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allâ.” The Jews then said, ” ‘Abdullâh is the worst of us and the son of the worst of us,” and disparaged him. On that ‘Abdullâh said, “O Allâh’s Messenger (ﷺ)! This is what I was afraid of!”

Sahîh Bukhârî 4480

Published by أبو زكريا عيسى الألباني

BSc (Hons) Microbiology | Qur'ān | Sunnah |

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