The Etiquette of Using The Bathroom

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ مَرَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ بِقَبْرَيْنِ جَدِيدَيْنِ فَقَالَ ‏ “‏ إِنَّهُمَا لَيُعَذَّبَانِ وَمَا يُعَذَّبَانِ فِي كَبِيرٍ أَمَّا أَحَدُهُمَا فَكَانَ لاَ يَسْتَنْزِهُ مِنْ بَوْلِهِ وَأَمَّا الآخَرُ فَكَانَ يَمْشِي بِالنَّمِيمَةِ ‏”‏

Ibn ‘Abbâs said:”The Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ)passed by two new graves, and he said: ‘They are being punished, but they are not being punished for anything major. One of them was heedless about preventing urine from getting on his clothes, and the other used to walk about spreading malicious gossip.'” (Ibn Mâjah 347. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)


عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ “‏ أَكْثَرُ عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ مِنَ الْبَوْلِ ‏”‏ ‏.

Abû Hurairah said:”The Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) said: ‘Most of the torment of the grave is because of urine.'” (Ibn Mâjah 348. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)


1) The prohibition of relieving oneself in certain places

عَنْ مُعَاذِ بْنِ جَبَلٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ اتَّقُوا الْمَلاَعِنَ الثَّلاَثَ الْبَرَازَ فِي الْمَوَارِدِ وَقَارِعَةِ الطَّرِيقِ وَالظِّلِّ ‏”‏

Narrated by Mu’âdh ibn Jabal: The Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) said: Stay away from three things which provoke cursing: relieving [oneself] in the watering places and on the middle of the road, and in the shade [which people sit under i.e for protection from the suns heat]. (Abû Dawûd 26. Declared Hasan by Al-Albânî)

عَنْ جَابِرٍ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ نَهَى عَنِ الْبَوْلِ فِي الْمَاءِ الرَّاكِدِ

Jâbir narrated that the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) forbade urinating into stagnant water. (An-Nasâ’i 35. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)


2) The prohibition of facing the Qiblah or turning ones back to it [except when one is screened by a building or a wall or something like that]

عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الأَنْصَارِيِّ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ إِذَا أَتَى أَحَدُكُمُ الْغَائِطَ فَلاَ يَسْتَقْبِلِ الْقِبْلَةَ وَلاَ يُوَلِّهَا ظَهْرَهُ، شَرِّقُوا أَوْ غَرِّبُوا ‏”

Abû Ayyûb Al-Ansârî narrated: Allâh’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “If anyone of you goes to an open space for answering the call of nature he should neither face nor turn his back towards the Qiblah; he should either face the east or the west.” (Sahîh Bukhârî 144)


3) One should conceal himself

عَنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ بْنِ شُعْبَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ إِذَا ذَهَبَ الْمَذْهَبَ أَبْعَدَ

Mughîrah ibn Shu’bah narrated: When the Prophet (ﷺ) went (outside) to relieve himself, he went to a far-off place [so that no one could see him]. (Abû Dawûd 1. Declared Hasan Sahîh by Al-Albânî)


4) One should say Bismillah followed by the legislated Du’â (supplication) when entering the bathroom

عَنْ عَلِيٍّ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ “‏ سِتْرُ مَا بَيْنَ الْجِنِّ وَعَوْرَاتِ بَنِي آدَمَ إِذَا دَخَلَ الْكَنِيفَ أَنْ يَقُولَ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ

‘Alî narrated:”The Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) said: ‘The screen between the Jinn and the nakedness of the sons of Âdam is that when a person enters the Kanîf [a place where people relieve themselves] , he should say: Bismillah (in the name of Allâh).'” (Ibn Mâjah 297. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)

عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ بْنِ صُهَيْبٍ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَنَسًا، يَقُولُ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا دَخَلَ الْخَلاَءَ قَالَ ‏ “‏ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الْخُبُثِ وَالْخَبَائِثِ ‏”‏‏

Anas narrated: Whenever the Prophet (ﷺ) went to answer the call of nature, he used to say, “Allah-humma inni a’ûdhu bika minal khubuthi wal khabâ’ith [O Allâh, I take refuge with You from all evil and evil-doers / all male and female devils]. ” (Sahîh Bukhârî 142)


5) It is better & recommended to sit when passing urine

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ مَنْ حَدَّثَكُمْ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بَالَ قَائِمًا فَلاَ تُصَدِّقُوهُ مَا كَانَ يَبُولُ إِلاَّ جَالِسًا

‘Âishah narrated :”Whoever tells you that the Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) urinated standing up, do not believe him, for he would not urinate except while squatting.” (An-Nasâ’i 29. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)


6) One should use ones left hand to clean oneself & it is prohibited to use ones right hand

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ لاَ يُمْسِكَنَّ أَحَدُكُمْ ذَكَرَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ وَهُوَ يَبُولُ وَلاَ يَتَمَسَّحْ مِنَ الْخَلاَءِ بِيَمِينِهِ… ‏”‏

Abû Qatâdah reported it from his father: The Messenger of Allâh (ﷺ) said: None of you should touch his private part with his right hand while urinating, nor wipe himself with his right hand after relieving himself… (Sahîh Muslim 267)


7) One should perform Al-Istinjâ (clean oneself with water) and/or Al-Istijmâr (clean oneself with stones or its substitutes)

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ اتَّبَعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَخَرَجَ لِحَاجَتِهِ، فَكَانَ لاَ يَلْتَفِتُ فَدَنَوْتُ مِنْهُ فَقَالَ ‏ “‏ ابْغِنِي أَحْجَارًا أَسْتَنْفِضْ بِهَا…

Narrated Abû Hurairah : I followed the Prophet (ﷺ) while he was going out to answer the call of nature. He used not to look this way or that. So, when I approached near him he said to me, “Fetch for me some stones for ‘ cleaning the privates parts… (Sahîh Bukhârî 155)

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏”‏ نَزَلَتْ هَذِهِ الآيَةُ فِي أَهْلِ قُبَاءَ ‏{‏ فِيهِ رِجَالٌ يُحِبُّونَ أَنْ يَتَطَهَّرُوا ‏}‏ قَالَ كَانُوا يَسْتَنْجُونَ بِالْمَاءِ فَنَزَلَتْ فِيهِمْ هَذِهِ الآيَةُ

Narrated by Abû Hurayrah: The Prophet (ﷺ) said: The following verse was revealed in connection with the people of Quba’: “In it are men who love to purify themselves” (9:108). He said: They used to cleanse themselves with water after relieving themselves. So the verse was revealed in connection with them. (Sunan Abû Dawûd 44. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)


8) It is forbidden to perform Al-Istinjâ or Al-Istijmâr using bones and manure

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ اتَّبَعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَخَرَجَ لِحَاجَتِهِ، فَكَانَ لاَ يَلْتَفِتُ فَدَنَوْتُ مِنْهُ فَقَالَ ‏ “‏ ابْغِنِي أَحْجَارًا أَسْتَنْفِضْ بِهَا ـ أَوْ نَحْوَهُ ـ وَلاَ تَأْتِنِي بِعَظْمٍ وَلاَ رَوْثٍ ‏”

Narrated by Abû Hurairah: I followed the Prophet (ﷺ) while he was going out to answer the call of nature. He used not to look this way or that. So, when I approached near him he said to me, “Fetch for me some stones for ‘ cleaning the privates parts (or said something similar), and do not bring a bone or a piece of manure.” (Sahîh Bukhârî 155)

In another narration, Abû Hurayrah continues:

ابْغِنِي أَحْجَارًا أَسْتَنْفِضْ بِهَا، وَلاَ تَأْتِنِي بِعَظْمٍ وَلاَ بِرَوْثَةٍ ‏”‏‏.‏ فَأَتَيْتُهُ بِأَحْجَارٍ أَحْمِلُهَا فِي طَرَفِ ثَوْبِي حَتَّى وَضَعْتُ إِلَى جَنْبِهِ ثُمَّ انْصَرَفْتُ، حَتَّى إِذَا فَرَغَ مَشَيْتُ، فَقُلْتُ مَا بَالُ الْعَظْمِ وَالرَّوْثَةِ قَالَ ‏”‏ هُمَا مِنْ طَعَامِ الْجِنِّ، وَإِنَّهُ أَتَانِي وَفْدُ جِنِّ نَصِيبِينَ وَنِعْمَ الْجِنُّ، فَسَأَلُونِي الزَّادَ، فَدَعَوْتُ اللَّهَ لَهُمْ أَنْ لاَ يَمُرُّوا بِعَظْمٍ وَلاَ بِرَوْثَةٍ إِلاَّ وَجَدُوا عَلَيْهَا طَعَامًا ‏”‏‏.‏

So I brought some stones, carrying them in the corner of my robe till I put them by his side and went away. When he finished, I walked with him and asked, “What about the bone and the manure?” He said, “They are the food of Jinns. The delegate of Jinns of (the city of) Nasîbîn came to me–and how nice those Jinns were–and asked me for the remains of the human food. I invoked Allâh for them that they would never pass by a bone or manure but find food on them.” (Sahîh Bukhârî 3860)


9) One should perform Al-Istinjâ and Al-Istijmâr an odd number of times

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، يَبْلُغُ بِهِ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ إِذَا اسْتَجْمَرَ أَحَدُكُمْ فَلْيَسْتَجْمِرْ وِتْرًا…

Abû Hurairah reported Allâh’s Prophet (ﷺ) as saying: When anyone performs Al-Istijmâr, then let him perform it an odd number of times… (Sahîh Muslim 237)

عَنْ سَلْمَانَ، قَالَ قَالَ لَنَا الْمُشْرِكُونَ إِنِّي أَرَى صَاحِبَكُمْ يُعَلِّمُكُمْ حَتَّى يُعَلِّمَكُمُ الْخِرَاءَةَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَجَلْ إِنَّهُ نَهَانَا أَنْ يَسْتَنْجِيَ أَحَدُنَا بِيَمِينِهِ أَوْ يَسْتَقْبِلَ الْقِبْلَةَ وَنَهَى عَنِ الرَّوْثِ وَالْعِظَامِ وَقَالَ ‏ “‏ لاَ يَسْتَنْجِي أَحَدُكُمْ بِدُونِ ثَلاَثَةِ أَحْجَارٍ ‏”

Salmân said that (one among) the polytheists remarked :I see that your friend [Prophet Muhammad] even teaches you about the excrement. He replied; Yes, he has in fact forbidden us that anyone amongst us should cleanse himself with his right hand, or face the Qiblah. He has forbidden the use of manure or bone for it, and he has also instructed us not to use less than three pebbles (for this purpose). (Sahîh Muslim 262)


10) One should not speak whilst he is in the bathroom

عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، مَرَّ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ وَهُوَ يَبُولُ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ “‏ إِذَا رَأَيْتَنِي عَلَى مِثْلِ هَذِهِ الْحَالَةِ فَلاَ تُسَلِّمْ عَلَىَّ فَإِنَّكَ إِنْ فَعَلْتَ ذَلِكَ لَمْ أَرُدَّ عَلَيْكَ ‏”‏

Narrated by Jâbir ibn ‘Abdullâh that:”A man passed by the Prophet while he was urinating, and greeted him by the Salam. The Messenger of Allâh said to him: “If you see me in this situation, do not greet me with the Salam, for if you do that I will not respond to you.'” (Ibn Mâjah 380. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)


11) One should say the legislated Du’â when exiting the bathroom

حَدَّثَتْنِي عَائِشَةُ، رضى الله عنها أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ إِذَا خَرَجَ مِنَ الْغَائِطِ قَالَ ‏ “‏ غُفْرَانَكَ ‏”‏

‘Âishah narrated: When the Prophet (ﷺ) came out of the privy, he used to say: Ghufrânak “I ask You (Allâh) for forgivness.” (Abû Dawûd 30. Declared Sahîh by Al-Albânî)


Published by أبو زكريا عيسى الألباني

BSc (Hons) Microbiology | Qur'ān | Sunnah |

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